Saddam's War of Words: Politics, Religion, and the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait
From a Western perspective, the Persian Gulf War of 1990–1991 largely fulfilled the first President Bush’s objective: “In, out, do it, do it right, get gone. That’s the message.” But in the Arab world, the causes and consequences of Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait and his subsequent defeat by a U.S.-led coalition were never so clear-cut. The potent blend of Islam and Arab nationalism that Saddam forged to justify the unjustifiable—his invasion of a Muslim state—gained remarkable support among both Muslims and Arabs and continued to resonate in the Middle East long after the fighting ended. Indeed, as this study argues in passing, it became a significant strand in the tangled web of ideologies and actions that led to the attacks of 9/11. This landmark book offers the first in-depth investigation of how Saddam Hussein used Islam and Arab nationalism to legitimate his invasion of Kuwait in the eyes of fellow Muslims and Arabs, while delegitimating the actions of the U.S.-led coalition and its Arab members. Jerry M. Long addresses three fundamental issues: how extensively and in what specific ways Iraq appealed to Islam during the Kuwait crisis; how elites, Islamists, and the elusive Arab “street,” both in and out of the coalition, responded to that appeal and why they responded as they did; and the longer-term effects that resulted from Saddam’s strategy.
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13 August Aflaq Allah Allahu Akbar American announcement appeal Arab and Islamic Arab League Arab nation Arab world Arafat army attack August Aziz Ba'th Ba'thist Baghdad Baram battle Bengio bismallah broadcast caliph call for jihad Chapter cited coalition forces conflict cultural declared defend described discussion Egypt Egyptian emphasis added enemies especially Fahd faith fatwa FBIS foreign Gulf Crisis holy ideology Imam invasion of Kuwait Iran Iran-Iraq Iran-Iraq War Iranians Iraq Iraq's Iraqi Iskander Islamic Conference Islamists Israel Israeli issue January Jerusalem jihad jihad speech Jordan Jordanian king leader Makiya Mecca MECS Middle East military missile Mubarak Muhammad Muslims Najd Nasser non-Muslim Palestine Palestinians pan-Arab party peace Piscatori political president Press Qadisiyya Quran regime region religion religious Saddam Hussein Saddam's Word Saudi Arabia secular September 1990 Shaykh Shi'a Shi'i Syria tion troops ulama umma Univ West Zionists