Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010
This volume collects the best and most influential essays on knowledge, rationality and morality that Stephen Stich has published in the last 40 years. All of the essays are concerned, in one way or another, with the ways in which findings and theories in the cognitive sciences can contribute to, and sometimes reshape traditional philosophical conversations and debates. A central theme in the essays on epistemology and rationality is the philosophical significance of empirical work on human reasoning done by researchers in the "heuristics and biases" tradition, and by their critics in evolutionary psychology. In the essays on morality, a wide range of empirical work is explored, including studies of the psychological foundations of norms, work on the moral / conventional distinction, and empirical attempts to determine whether humans ever act on altruistic motives. Stich was one of the pioneers in the experimental philosophy movement, and work in experimental philosophy plays a prominent role in many of these essays. The volume includes a new introductory essay that offers an overview of the papers and traces the history of how they emerged.
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1 The Recombinant DNA Debate
2 Justification and the Psychology of Human Reasoning
3 Could Man Be an Irrational Animal? Some Notes on the Epistemology of Rationality
4 Reflective Equilibrium Analytic Epistemology and the Problem of Cognitive Diversity
5 Moral Philosophy and Mental Representation
Quine Simon and the Prospects for Pragmatism
From Bleak Implications to Darwinian Modules
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altruism answer argue argument Batson biases program biases tradition Cambridge claim cognitive architecture cognitive mechanisms cognitive processes cognitive science competence concepts conjunction fallacy Cosmides and Tooby culture Darwinian modules domain egoistic emotion empathy empathy-altruism hypothesis empathy-specific punishment hypothesis empirical epistemic intuitions epistemology evaluation evidence evolutionary psychologists example experimental frequentist Gigerenzer Goodman groups Haidt hedonism helping behavior heuristics and biases high-empathy human inductive inference innate justification Kahneman knowledge knows Only believes mental mind Modularity moral judgment Moral Psychology moral/conventional task motivation natural selection naturalized epistemology Nichols Nisbett norms notion Nucci one’s Oxford University Press pattern people’s person philosophical plausible predictions principles probabilistic probability probability theory problems proposed psychology question rational recombinant DNA recombinant DNA research reflective equilibrium responses rules skeptical social sort Stephen Stich Stich subjects suggests theory thought experiments tion transgressions Turiel Tversky ultimate desire violations virtue ethics