The Philosophy of the Commentators, 200-600 AD: Physics
This is the first work to draw on the four hundred years of transition from ancient Greek philosophy to the medieval philosophy of Islam and the West. During this period, philosophy was often written in the form of commentaries on the works of Plato and Aristotle. Many ideas wrongly credited to the Middle Ages derive from these centuries, such as that of impetus in dynamics and intentional objects in philosophy of mind. The later Neoplatonist commentators fought a losing battle with Christianity, but inadvertently made Aristotle acceptable to Christians by ascribing to him belief in a Creator God and human immortality. The commentators provide a panorama of up to a thousand years of Greek philosophy, much of which would otherwise be lost. They also serve as the missing link essential for understanding the subsequent history of Western philosophy.
The second volume of The Philosophy of the Commentators, 200–600 AD, A Sourcebook, deals with physics. The physics of the commentators was innovative: the Neoplatonists thought that the world of space and time was causally ordered by a nonspatial, nontemporal world, and this view required original thinking. Of the sixth-century Neoplatonists, Simplicius considered his teacher's ideas on space and time to be unprecedented, and Philoponus revised Aristotelianism to produce a new physics built around the Christian belief in God's Creation of the world. The thinkers of the Middle Ages borrowed from Philoponus and other commentators the proofs of a finite past, the idea of degrees of latitude in change and mixture, and in dynamics the idea of impetus and the defense of motion in a vacuum. All sources appear in English translation and are carefully linked and cross-referenced by editorial comment and explanation. Bibliographies are provided throughout.
What people are saying - Write a review
le Relation of nature to providence and to fate
Divine Knowledge and Power
3b Divine power limitations
Providence and Evil
4f Is matter evil?
place actively holds bodies together
17f Is space matter according to Plato?
19b Light corporeal or incorporeal?
19e Light not like the activity of colour
5k Relation between fate and providence
6g Agent and patient have a single action located in the patient
Bodies as Bundles of Gods Ideas
8e What is Platos demiurgic creator?
9b Why not sooner? argument against the universe beginning
Infinity and Infinite Divisibility
10f Infinite speed in absence of resistance in a vacuum
11e Paradoxes about the unreality of time and answers
11f Does time require change?
no place of the cosmos or
20e Bodies in the same place in Neoplatonism
20h Growth differs from mixture
22e Celestial motion
22f Impetus theory
23b Heavens matterless?
The Ancient Commentators on Aristotle translation series
Main Thinkers Represented in the Sourcebook
Other editions - View all
The Concealed Art of the Soul:Theories of Self and Practices of Truth in ...
No preview available - 2007
Philosophy in the Roman Empire: Ethics, Politics and Society
Michael B. Trapp
No preview available - 2007