That which is
That Which Is, known as the Tattvartha Sutra to Jains, is recognized by all four Jaina traditions as the earliest, most authoritative and comprehensive summary of their religion. Unique in bringing together classical commentaries from each tradition, this translation of the Tattvartha Sutra provides in one volume a detailed explanation of the universe, the place of humanity within it and the path through it to liberation.
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activity Airavata articulate knowledge ascetic atoms attain liberation austerities birth body body karma body karma categories of truth cause clairvoyance clusters of matter colour complete self-restraint conduct-deluding karma continents conveyance body cosmic space cosmos deluded world-view deluding karma destructive karmas Digambara doctrine elimination and partial empirical knowledge empyrean enlightened world-view existence greed Haimavata heavens hell hermaphroditic human infernal infinite number inhibited innumerable intra-hour intuition-covering Jaina Jainism Jambu Jinas karmic body karmic bondage karmic inflow karmic particles knowledge-covering karma liberated souls lifespan karma Mahavira material clusters maximum lifespan medium of motion mind-reading minimum modes non-violence object ocean-measured periods omniscience partial elimination partial suppression philosophical standpoints pit-measured period practice protean body realm Sahasrara scripture senses sexual small vow soul space units speech and mind spiritual development SS explains stage of spiritual sub-types substance subtle Svetambara Tattvartha Sutra Terapantha TRANSLATOR'S NOTE Umasvati varieties of knowledge Videha view-deluding karma yojanas
Page xxxiv - His mind thus put at ease, the aspirant further pacifies himself by reaching toward all beings through the four 'boundless states' . These correspond exactly to the 'brahmavihäras' in Buddhism and to the 'cultivations for mental pacification' in the Yoga system: "Friendship towards all beings Delight in the qualities of virtuous ones, Utmost compassion for afflicted beings, Equanimity towards those who are not well-disposed towards me, May my soul have such dispositions (as these) for ever!"1...
Page xli - Fathpur-Sikri, and persuaded the emperor to release prisoners and caged birds, and to prohibit the killing of animals on certain days. In the following year (1583) those orders were extended, and disobedience to them was made a capital offence. Akbar renounced his much-loved hunting and restricted the practice of fishing.
Page xxxvii - I ask pardon of all living creatures. May all of them pardon me. May I have a friendly relationship with all beings and unfriendly with none.