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Adam Smith advance amount arise become cause chattel slavery civilisation classes condition demand distribution of wealth doctrine drawn from capital effect employer England equal everywhere evident exchange exertion existence fact factors of production fixed force give greater H. M. HYNDMAN Herbert Spencer human idea improvement increase of population India individual industry invention John Stuart Mill justice labour and capital land owners land values latifundia law of rent law of wages live machinery Malthus Malthusian theory margin of cultivation material progress merely monopoly natural necessary ownership paid petrifaction political economy poverty present principle private property produce of labour production of wealth productive power profits property in land proportion race recognised result secure slavery social society soil speculative subsistence taxation taxes tendency tends things tion truth value of land wages and interest
Page 35 - Do ye hear the children weeping, O my brothers, Ere the sorrow comes with years? They are leaning their young heads against their mothers, And that cannot stop their tears. The young lambs are bleating in the meadows, The young birds are chirping in the nest, The young fawns are playing with the shadows, The young flowers are blowing toward the west But the young, young children, O my brothers, They are weeping bitterly ! They are weeping in the playtime of the others, In the country of the free.
Page 15 - In the next twenty-five years, the population would be forty-four millions, and the means of subsistence only equal to the support of thirty-three millions. In the next period the population would be eighty-eight millions, and the means of subsistence just equal to the support of half that number.
Page 34 - Every colonist gets more land than he can possibly cultivate. He has no rent and scarce any taxes to pay. No landlord shares with him in its produce, and the share of the sovereign is commonly but a trifle. He has every motive to render as great as possible a produce which is thus to be almost entirely his own. But his land is commonly so extensive that with all...
Page 8 - Such cases, however, are not very frequent, and in every part of Europe, twenty workmen serve under a master for one that is independent...
Page 45 - He had walk for an hundred sheep, and my mother milked thirty kine. He was able and did find the king a harness, with himself and his horse, while he came to the place that he should receive the king's wages. I can remember that I buckled his harness when he went to Blackheath field. He kept me to school, or else I had not been able to have preached before the King's Majesty now.
Page 73 - Before all temples the upright heart and pure, Instruct me, for Thou know'st; Thou from the first Wast present, and, with mighty wings outspread, Dove-like sat'st brooding on the vast abyss, And mad'st it pregnant: what in me is dark Illumine, what is low raise and support; That to the height of this great argument I may assert eternal Providence, And justify the ways of God to men.
Page 2 - ... century ago the boldest imagination could not have dreamed. But in factories where labor-saving machinery has reached its most wonderful development, little children are at work; wherever the new forces are anything like fully utilized, large classes are maintained by charity or live on the verge of recourse to it; amid the greatest accumulations of wealth, men die of starvation, and puny infants suckle dry breasts; while everywhere the greed of gain, the worship of wealth, shows the force of...
Page 52 - The equal right of all men to the use of land is as clear as their equal right to breathe the air — it is a right proclaimed by the fact of their existi ence. For we cannot suppose that some men have a right to be in this ; world and others no right.
Page 45 - ... apiece ; so that he brought them up in godliness and fear of God. He kept hospitality for his poor neighbours, and some alms he gave to the poor. And all this he did of the said farm, where he that now hath it payeth sixteen pound by year or more, and is not able to do anything for his prince, for himself, nor for his children, or give a cup of drink to the poor.