Cain and Abel in Syriac and Greek Writers (4th-6th Centuries)

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Peeters Publishers, 1997 - Religion - 326 pages
The main part of this work is a detailed inventory of interpretations of Gen. 4.1-17. The exegesis related to each verse is presented quoting sources century by century, first Greek, then Syriac texts. The book introduces early Jewish, Christian and Gnostic exegesis, and on the basis of the inventory, it studies selected themes in the two genres: commentaries and homilies; Greek as opposed to Syriac exegesis, the use of speeches, especially fictive speeches in the dramatized homilies, main themes related to the character of Cain, and the interrelationship of sources. The book will be of interest for students of theology, history of religion, as well as for anyone studying the history of exegesis, art and literature.
 

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Contents

A Scope and method
1
U Between verses 8 and
9
Early Christian and Gnostic sources
10
Z Verse
11
Main sources from the fourth to the sixth centuries
33
E The biblical text
51
A Before verse 1
57
Why did Cain bring an offering?
86
Cains inner state
122
Gods response to Cain
123
Cain and the corpse
154
Cains thoughts after his act of murder
155
Cain in relation to his parents
156
Witnesses
158
Gods dwelling place
159
Cains future life
160

Abels attitude and virtues
92
Verse
101
Rejection
105
Purpose of the rejection
106
N Verse 5b 1 Adam as subject
107
The reaction of Cains family to his rejection
110
Medical language
111
Reproach
112
Division of the offering
113
Exhortation to remain still
114
God does not punish at this point
115
Allegorical interpretation
116
You shall rule by means of it
117
Sins activity
119
Development of the narrative
120
Cains reaction in relation to Abel
121
Typological interpretation
161
Contrast between lovemercy and angerjustice
162
Contrast between ignorance and knowledge
163
The attitude of God towards Cain
164
Verse 9b 1 Cains inner state
166
Gods relationship to Cain and Abel
168
Development of speech and narrative
169
Typological interpretation
170
Y Verse 10
171
The question
172
Cains reaction
173
Innocence
174
Witnesses
175
Verse 2bc
323
7
324
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