Ploughshares Into Swords: Race, Rebellion, and Identity in Gabriel's Virginia, 1730-1810
Cambridge University Press, Oct 13, 1997 - History - 292 pages
During the summer of 1800, slaves in and around Richmond conspired to overthrow their masters and abolish slavery. This book uses Gabriel's Conspiracy and the evidence produced during the repression of the revolt to expose the processes through which Virginians of African descent built an oppositional culture. James Sidbury portrays the rich cultures of eighteenth-century Black Virginians and the multiple, and sometimes conflicting, senses of identity that emerged among enslaved and free people living in and around the rapidly growing state capital. The book also examines the conspirators' vision of themselves as God's chosen people and the complicated African and European roots of their culture. In so doing, it offers an alternative interpretation of the meaning of the Virginia that was home to so many of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
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From Blacks in Virginia to Black Virginians
The emergence of racial consciousness in eighteenthcentury Virginia
Cultural process Creolization appropriation and collective identity in Gabriels Virginia
Forging an oppositional culture Gabriels Conspiracy and the process of cultural appropriation
Individualism community and identity in Gabriels Conspiracy
Making sense of Gabriels Conspiracy Immediate responses to the conspiracy
Social practice Urbanization commercialization and identity in the daily life of Gabriels Richmond
The growth of early Richmond
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Page 2 - Lawrence W. Levine, Black Culture and Black Consciousness: AfroAmerican Folk Thought from Slavery to Freedom (New York: Oxford University Press, 1977); Eugene D. Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made (New York: Pantheon, 1972); Albert J. Raboteau, Slave Religion: The "Invisible Institution...