Foundations of Metacognition
Michael J. Beran, Johannes Brandl, Josef Perner, JoŽlle Proust
OUP Oxford, Sep 6, 2012 - Psychology - 364 pages
Metacognition refers to the awareness an individual has of their own mental processes (also referred to as ' thinking about thinking'). In the past thirty years metacognition research has become a rapidly growing field of interdisciplinary research within the cognitive sciences. Just recently, there have been major changes in this field, stimulated by the controversial issues of metacognition in nonhuman animals and in early infancy. Consequently the question what defines a metacognitive process has become a matter of debate: how should one distinguish between simple minds that are not yet capable of any metacognitive processing, and minds with a more advanced architecture that exhibit such a capacity? Do nonhuman animals process the ability to monitor their own mental actions? If metacognition is unique to humans, then at what stage in development does it occur, and how can we distinguish between cognitive and metacognitive processes? The Foundations of Metacognition brings together leading cognitive scientists to consider these questions. It explores them from three different perspectives: from an evolutionary point of view the authors ask whether there is sufficient evidence that some non-human primates or other animals monitor their mental states and thereby exhibit a form of metacognition. From a developmental perspective the authors ask when children start to monitor, evaluate und control their own minds. And from a philosophical point of view the main issue is how to draw the line between cognitive and metacognitive processes, and how to integrate the different functions in which metacognition is involved into a single coherent picture of the mind. The foundations of metacognition - whatever they will turn out to be - have to be as complex as this pattern of connections we discover in its effects. Bringing together researchers from across the cognitive sciences, the book is valuable for philosophers of mind, developmental and comparative psychologists, and neuroscientists.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
4-year-olds accuracy action adults agent Animal Cognition answer argued assessment aware behaviour behaviouristic Beran capuchin capuchin monkeys Carruthers Chapter Child Development chimpanzees choice claim comparative concepts confidence judgements consciousness contrast Couchman cues Developmental Psychology discrimination epistemic evaluate evidence example experience Experimental Psychology explain false belief feeling of knowing first-order folk psychology function Hampton higher-order human hypnosis hypnotic icon ignorance implicit indicative conditionals infants intentional intuition involved Journal of Experimental knowledge Koriat learning look memory mental meta metacognitive abilities metacognitive judgements metamemory metarepresentational Metcalfe mindreading monitoring noetic feelings non-human object one’s opt-out Oxford paradigm perceptual performance Perner pigeons possible prediction preschool pretend play procedural metacognition processes proposition Proust question Ramsey test representation retrieval reward rhesus macaques rhesus monkeys Science sense Smith stimulus subjects suggests Suppositional Theory task theory of mind thinking tion Tomasello trials uncertainty response uncertainty-monitoring University Press visual