Training and Horse Management in India: With a Hindustanee Stable & Veterinary Vocabulary, and the Calcutta Turf Club Weights for Age and Class

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Thacker, Spink, 1885 - India - 240 pages
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Page 17 - ... be used advantageously. During the summer months it answers well enough if laid down as I have described under the head of sand, but like that material is too cold for use in our winters. It has the disadvantage, as compared with sand, that it soon heats when wetted with urine, and ammonia is then given off profusely, so that great care must be exercised to change it as soon as it becomes soiled.
Page 30 - Carrots also improve the state of the skin. They form a good substitute for grass, and an excellent alterative for horses out of condition. To sick and idle horses they render grain unnecessary. They are beneficial in all chronic diseases of the organs connected with breathing, and have a marked influence upon chronic cough and broken wind.
Page 30 - This root is held in much esteem. There is none better, nor perhaps so good. When first given, it is slightly diuretic and laxative ; but as the horse becomes accustomed to it, these effects cease to be produced.
Page 8 - Horses kept in ill-ventilated stables are undoubtedly rendered susceptible to many diseases, and to pneumonia among the rest; but they will bear impure air even better than cold draughts blowing directly upon them. I have repeatedly observed that the slightest cold contracted by a horse kept in a draughty stable has almost invariably been succeeded by pneumonia, and that if the animal was not removed to a more comfortable situation, the disease tended to a fatal termination."- — WiUiams Symptoms.
Page 47 - ... oxidized, whilst they also increase the absorptive power of the serum for gasses, and thus play an important part in the respiratory process. The salts of potash appear to be specially required for the nutrition of the muscles and nerves, since they are largely present in the fluids and ashes of these tissues, but they probably exert the same general influence as those of soda The presence of the earthy salts, on the other hand, would seem to have reference almost exclusively to the composition...
Page 164 - ... might have led to the supposition that she was just a little over-marked ; but her eye was bright, her coat sleek and glossy, and her nostril expanded like the mouth of a trumpet. Therefore I concluded that she had just reached the finest condition to which she could, in all probability, attain. It is well known to horsemen who are close observers, that, though a horse cannot make a great race when decidedly off the feed, some of the finest efforts that ever were made, and some of the greatest...
Page 37 - ... composed of substances that come under the nitrogenous group ; " even the noncellular liquids passing out into the alimentary canal at various points — which have so great an action in preparing the food in different ways — are not only nitrogenous, but the constancy of this implies the necessity of the nitrogen, in order that these actions shall be performed.
Page 54 - Reaumur, who found that food inclosed in perforated tubes, and introduced into the stomach of an animal, was more quickly digested when it had been previously impregnated with saliva than when it was moistened with water. Dr. Wright, also, found that if the oesophagus...
Page 130 - The frequently -renewed exercise of muscles, by producing a determination of blood towards them, occasions an increase in their nutrition ; so that a larger amount of new tissue becomes developed, and the muscles are increased in size and vigour. This is true not only of the whole muscular system when equally exercised, but also of any particular set of muscles which is more used than another."— Dr.
Page 55 - The chemist frequently employs water as a like means of preparing substances; but saliva in much better adapted than water for blending with many substances used as food. The numerous air bubbles for which saliva is remarkable have their special purpose ; since the presence of atmospheric air in the stomach is accessory to digestion.

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