Merrill's Marauders: February to May, 1944
DIANE Publishing, 1990 - 117 pages
An account of the operations of the 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional) in North Burma from February to May in 1994 during WW II. The Marauders' efforts was part of a coordinated Allied offensive to reconquer North Burma. Details of the offensive are summarized briefly to set the operations of the 5307th within a larger framework. The narrative is based on interviews conducted after the operation. Contents: 1st mission: Walawbum; 2nd mission: Shaduzup & Inkangahtawng; 3rd mission: Myitkyina; casualties; & decorations. Photos & maps.
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150th Regiment 1st Battalion 1st Lt 2d and 3d 2d Battalion 38th Divisions 5307th Composite Unit advance air drop air strip airfield Allied ammunition April artillery attack Burma Road Capt casualties Charles N Charpate Chinese 113th Colonel Hunter Colonel McGee Colonel Osborne column Composite Unit Provisional Dinjan east evacuated flank fox holes H Force heavy Hsamshingyang Hukawng Valley Inkangahtawng Irrawaddy Irrawaddy River jungle Kachin Kamaing Road Khaki Combat Team Lashio Ledo Road Lieutenant machine guns Maingkwan Marauders March Merrill Merrill's Merrill's Marauders miles mission Mogaung mortar mortar fire move Myitkyina Namkwi Nhpum Nhpum Ga north Burma operations Orange Combat Team patrol perimeter planes platoon Poakum position radio reached rear Red Combat Team reinforcements rifle Ritpong road block S/Sgt Shaduzup southwest Stilwell Stilwell's supply Tanai River Tanai Valley TEAM Commanding Officer Team's trail block troops village Walawbum Warong White Combat Team wounded yards
Page 5 - I claim we got a hell of a beating. We got run out of Burma and it is humiliating as hell. I think we ought to find out what caused it, go back and retake it.
Page v - In the thick of battle, the soldier is busy doing his job. He has the knowledge and confidence that his job is part of a unified plan to defeat the enemy, but he does not have time to survey a campaign from a fox hole. If he should be wounded and removed behind the lines, he may have even less opportunity to learn what place he and his unit had in the larger fight AMERICAN FORCES IN ACTION is a series prepared by the War Department especially for the information of wounded men.
Page vi - Aerial photographs are by the Allied Air Forces, SWPA ; all others are by the US Army Signal Corps. Readers are urged to send directly to the Historical Division, War Department, Washington 25, DC, comments, criticisms, and additional information which may be of value in the preparation of a complete and definitive history of the Buna-Sanananda operation. Table of Contents INTRODUCTION Page THE JAPANESE THREAT TO AUSTRALIA...
Page 113 - The order read: After a series of successful engagements in the Hukawng and Mogaung Valleys of North Burma in March and April 1944, the unit was called on to lead a march over jungle trails through extremely difficult mountain terrain against stubborn resistance in a surprise attack on Myitkyina. The unit proved equal to its task and after a brilliant operation of 17 May 1944 seized the airfield at Myitkyina, an objective of great tactical importance in the campaign, and assisted in the capture of...
Page 83 - ... position, then turn west down the mountain and attack the Japs on their west flank. The artillery will be moved up to where it can fire point blank into the Jap bunkers and pill boxes. Every man of the gun crews volunteered . . . this afternoon. This attack will be tentatively set for 1200 tomorrow. Ruses, feints, and anything else you can do to fool the Japs are in order.
Page 1 - Division. Operating in the rear of the main forces of the Japanese, they prepared the way for the southward advance of the Chinese by disorganizing supply lines and communications. The climax of the Marauders' operations was the capture of the Myitkyina airfield, the only allweather strip in northern Burma.
Page 1 - Marauders' operations was the capture of the Myitkyina airfield, the only allweather strip in northern Burma. This was the final victory of the 5307th Composite Unit, which was disbanded in August, 1944. The War in Burma, January, 1942 — March, 1943 Burma had been conquered by the Japanese 2 years before the Marauders
Page 45 - Series notes in its history of the unit, "the Americans had killed 800 of the enemy, had cooperated with the Chinese to force a major Japanese withdrawal, and had paved the way for further Allied progress.
Page 12 - TO 27 APRIL 1944 COMMAND POST GROUP Executive Officer Maj. Louis J. Williams 1ST BATTALION Commanding Officer Lt. Col. William L. Osborne 2D BATTALION Commanding Officer Lt. Col. George A. McGee, Jr. RED COMBAT TEAM Commanding Officer Maj. Edward M. Ghiz* Capt.
Page vi - ... of papers impossible for more than a day or two. The unit's intelligence officer was killed at Myitkyina, and his records were washed away before they could be located. This study is the fifth of a series called "American Forces in Action," designed exclusively for military personnel.