The Philosophical Theory of the State

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Macmillan, 1899 - Political science - 342 pages
 

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Page 75 - loses none of its importance when the holders of power are regularly accountable to the community, that is, to the strongest party therein. ... In political speculations, 'the tyranny of the majority' is now generally included among the evils against which society requires to be on its guard.
Page 62 - What, then, is the rightful limit to the sovereignty of the individual over himself? Where does the authority of society begin ? How much of human life should be assigned to individuality, and how much to society ?
Page 74 - the victim of this fallacy, and it is widely triumphant to-day. But with the success of the democratic principle, " elective and responsible government became subject to the observations and criticisms which wait upon a great existing fact. It was now
Page 104 - resemble Rousseau's phrases respecting the General Will, the moral person, and the real unity. Hobbes, for example, insisted that sovereignty must lie in a will, and that this will must be real and must be taken as representing or standing for the will of the community. " This is more than consent or concord; it is a real unity of them all in one and the same person.
Page 89 - form of association which shall defend and protect, with the entire common force, the person and the goods of each associate, and by which, each, uniting himself to all, may nevertheless obey only himself, and remain as free as before.
Page 243 - The innate Right is one only.—Freedom (independence of the constraining will of another), in as far as it can co-exist with the freedom of every other according to a universal law, is this unique original right, belonging to every human being by reason of his
Page 98 - alone is slavery, and obedience to the law which we have prescribed to ourselves is liberty. But I have already said too much on this head, and the philosophical sense of the word liberty is not my subject here.
Page 75 - and precautions are as much needed against this as against any other abuse of power. The limitation, therefore, of the power of government
Page 131 - natural " science, an outward world, whether of atoms or of organisms, contrasted both with God and with Man, " for nature in Aristotle is not the outward world of created things; it is the creative force, the productive principle of the universe.
Page 72 - measured, not by the nature of the governmental machinery he lives under, whether representative or other, but by the relative paucity of the restraints it imposes on him." And so we are astounded to find it maintained that the positive and active element in the right to carry on selfsustaining activities is of a non-social character, depending only on the laws of life,

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