A Grammar of the Arabic Language, Volume 1

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Williams and Norgate, 1859 - Arabic language
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this is an excellent referance book for Arabic grammar

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Page 5 - Persians, unpronounceable) guttural, related in its nature to _, with which it is sometimes confounded. It is described as produced by a smart compression of the upper part of the windpipe and forcible emission of the breath.
Page 1 - CJjarl *-J^- hurufu ^ttahajj'i) are thirty-five in number, and are all consonants, though three of them are also used as vowels. When grouped into words, they are (with nine exceptions) connected with one another, and several of the letters assume somewhat different shapes according as they stand at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a connected group. The following Table exhibits the several forms of the letters...
Page x - Hebrew, Phoenician, and Aramaic (Chaldee and Syriac) — are as closely connected with one another as the Romance languages — Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Provencal, and French ; they are all daughters of a deceased mother, standing to them in the relation of Latin to the other European languages just specified.
Page 28 - The distinction between them is, that i indicates a temporary state or condition, or a merely accidental quality in persons or things ; whilst u indicates a permanent state or a naturally inherent quality
Page 110 - The majority of verbs admit of but one form, very few of more than two or three.
Page 189 - The plurales fracti are consequently, strictly speaking, singulars with a collective signification, and often approach in their nature to abstract nouns. Hence, too, they are all of the fern, gender, and can be used as masc.
Page 161 - the complete or entire plural,' because all the vowels and consonants of the singular are retained in it. The other, which has various forms, is called j~~.j ^J+=>-jam'8 taltsir, 'the broken plural...
Page 31 - When the first or fourth form denotes an act, the relation of which to an object is expressed by means of a preposition (indirect object), the third form converts that indirect object into the immediate or direct object of the act (accusative). The idea of reciprocity is here, as in the former case, more or less distinctly ft-C -• f implied. E. g. iLU-M jf JJtf...
Page 67 - Jussive, however, the second radical not unfrequently throws back its vowel upon the first, and combines with the third, in which case the doubled letter necessarily takes a supplemental vowel (. 27). In verbs that have a or i in...
Page 35 - ... or experiences the effect of, the action of another; whereas the effective implies that an act is done to a person, or a state produced in him, whether it be caused by another or by himself.

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