Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-1913

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003 - History - 403 pages
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No critical analysis has ever examined the specific reasons for the Ottoman defeat. Erickson's study fills this gap by studying the operations of the Ottoman Army from October 1912 through July 1913, and by providing a comprehensive explanation of its doctrines and planning procedures. This book is written at an operational level that details every campaign at the level of the army corps. More than 30 maps, numerous orders of battle, and actual Ottoman Army operations orders illustrate how the Turks planned and fought their battles. Of particular note is the inclusion of the only detailed history in English of the Ottoman X Corps' Sarkoy amphibious invasion. Also included are definitive appendix about Ottoman military aviation and a summary of the Turks' efforts to incorporate the lessons learned from the war into their military structure in 1914.

The Ottoman Empire fought the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913 against the joint forces of Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia--and was decisively defeated. The Ottoman Army is frequently depicted as a mob of poorly clad, faceless Turks inept in their attempts to fight a modern war. Yet by 1912, the Ottoman Army, which was constructed on the German model, was in many ways more advanced than certain European armies.

 

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Contents

TABLES
6
4 Organization of Ottoman Reserve Redif Infantry
19
FIGURES
25
MAPS
31
1 The Operational Theater 1912
40
1 Population in the Ottoman Balkan Vilayets 1908
41
3 Ottoman General Staff Functions 1911
55
1 Ottoman Strategic Centers of Gravity 1912
65
3 Lüleburgaz to Pinarhisar Planned Operations
105
5 Lüleburgaz to Pinarhisar Planned Operations
112
6 Lüleburgaz to Pinarhisar Operational Situation
119
8 The Qatalca Lines November 10 1912
126
6 Ottoman Order of Battle Çatalca Army
128
9 The First Battle of Qatalca November 17 1912
134
9 Artillery Strength Adrianople Fortified Area
141
Ottoman Aviation Prelude to Military
143

1 Operational Plans 1912Projected Ottoman Order
79
1 Eastern Army Operational Plan Based on Orders
87
4 Adrianople Fortress Operations Order Summary
92
Operational Situation October 23 1912
95
37
160
1 Operational Plans 1912Projected Ottoman Order
166
6 Vardar Army Order of Battle November 12 1912
188
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About the author (2003)

EDWARD J. ERICKSON, is the author of Ordered to Die (Praeger, 2000).

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