Conquests and Historical Identities in California, 1769-1936
Spanning the period between Spanish colonization and the early twentieth century, this well-argued and convincing study examines the histories of Spanish and American conquests, and of ethnicity, race, and community in southern California. Lisbeth Haas draws on a diverse body of source materials (mission and court archives, oral histories, Spanish language plays, census and tax records) to build a new picture of rural society and social change.
A borderlands and Chicano history, Haas's work provides a richly textured study of events that took place in and around San Juan Capistrano and Santa Ana in present-day Orange County. She provides a vivid sense of how and why the past acquires meaning in the lives that make up the historical identities she discusses. The voices of Juaneņo and Luiseņo Indians, Californios, and Mexicans are heard along the shifting faultlines of economic, social, and political change.
This is one of the first truly multiethnic histories of California and of the West. It makes clear that issues of multiculturalism and ethnicity are not recent manifestations in California—they have characterized social and cultural relationships there since the late eighteenth century.
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Acagchemem agriculture Alta California Anaheim Angeles Anglo-American Arbiso audience Avila Bancroft barrio Bernardo Yorba California Indians California State University Californio and Indian Californios and Mexicans carpa cattle census Chicano citrus Club Hispano colonial conquest countryside crops culture CVDC defined economy emancipation ethnic European example farm farmers father former neophytes granted groups Guadalupe heads of household Ibid ican identity immigrants indios interview Jose Juan's Juanenos labor land landowners language lived Los Angeles Luiseno Mendelson merchant Mexican American Mexican schools Mexico Mexico City mission Indians Mission San Juan missionaries oral Orange County Pablo Tac percent performed play political population production pueblo race racial rancheros razon regional residents rural San Juan Capistrano Santa Ana Santiago de Santa segregation shaped social society Southern California Southwest Spanish Spanish-language status story Teatro territorial theater Torres University of California urban villages women workers Yorba