High-Frequency Oscillator Design for Integrated Transceivers

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 14, 2006 - Technology & Engineering - 343 pages
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High-Frequency Oscillator Design for Integrated Transceivers covers the analysis and design of all high-frequency oscillators required to realize integrated transceivers for wireless and wired applications. This includes the design of oscillator types as single-phase LC oscillators, I/Q LC oscillators, multi-phase LC oscillators, and ring oscillators in various IC technologies such as bipolar, BiCMOS, CMOS, and SOI (silicon on insulator). Starting from an in depth review of basic oscillator theory, the authors discuss key oscillator specifications, numerous oscillator circuit topologies, and introduce the concepts of design figures of merit (FOMs) and benchmark FOMs, which assist the oscillator designer during the overall design cycle. Taking advantage of behavioral modeling, the elementary properties of LC oscillators and ring oscillators are analyzed first. A detailed analysis of oscillator properties at circuit level follows taking parasitic elements and other practical aspects of integrated oscillator design into account. Special attention is given to advantages and limitations of linear time invariant (LTI) phase noise modeling, leading to the concept of optimum coupling in I/Q LC oscillators and a simulation method for fast and efficient phase noise optimization in oscillators. In addition, all modern linear time variant (LTV) phase noise theories are covered. As not only phase noise is of high importance to the designer, but optimization of other oscillator properties as well, additional subjects such as various tuning methods of LC oscillators are analyzed, too. Design examples of integrated LC and ring oscillators in the frequency range of 100 MHz up to 11 GHz are thoroughly discussed throughout the book.

The clear and structured discussion of basic oscillator properties make High-Frequency Oscillator Design for Integrated Transceivers an excellent starting point for the inexperienced oscillator designer. The detailed analysis of many oscillator types and circuit topologies, the discussion of numerous practical design issues together with fast optimization methods, and more than 200 carefully selected literature references on oscillator literature, LC oscillator and ring oscillator designs make this book a very valuable resource for the experienced IC designer as well.

 

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Contents

LC oscillators
Preface Glossary Abbreviations 1 Introduction xiii
Structured design with FOMs 37
Specifications 67
Elementary properties 89
Practical properties 111
Figures of merit 185
AC phase noise simulation tool 201
118
128
133
156
170
182
190
203

verification of 208
Design examples 215
A Resonator quality factor 255
The ideal limiter and implementations 261
F Bipolar and MOSAC calculation model 271
J Q and of linear ring oscillators 287
74
Ring oscillators 5 3 Waveform 5 3 1 5 3 2 LC oscillators Ring oscillators 5 4 5 5 Carrier amplitude and power Summary 6 1 Frequency and phase 6 ...
IQ signal generation implementations 265
228
237
244
About the Authors 311
E The frequency of a ring oscillator 267
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