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Africa Amongst ancient animal annually appears Athenaeus Attis Bastian believed blood body bough branch buried burned called celebrated ceremony CHAP chief clothes Corn-mother corn-spirit crops dance dead deity Demeter Dionysus divine dressed effigy Egyptian European festival field fire Flamen Dialis flowers gardens of Adonis garlands girl gods Golden Bough Greek green Grimm ground grove hair hand harvest customs head Hence human sacrifices Indians Isis Islands Kakongo Khond killed Kostrubonko last corn last sheaf Lityerses maize Mannhardt May-tree midsummer mother myth nature observed offered Old Woman Osiris Pausanias person Phrygia plants Plutarch priest Proserpine rain rain-charm reapers religion represented resurrection rice rites sacred sacrificed savage singing slain sometimes soul spirit of vegetation spring stone stranger straw supernatural supposed taboos temporary king Thammuz threshing throw tree tree-spirit tribe village Virbius Whitsuntide women wood worship young Zeus
Page 360 - The danger is a formidable one; for if the course of nature is dependent on the man-god's life, what catastrophes may not be expected from the gradual enfeeblement of his powers and their final extinction in death. There is only one way of averting these dangers. The man-god must be killed as soon as he shows symptoms that his powers are beginning to fail, and his soul must be transferred to a vigorous successor before it has been seriously impaired by the threatened decay.
Page 360 - ... predecessors we are indebted for much of what we thought most our own, and that their errors were not wilful extravagances or the ravings of insanity, but simply hypotheses, justifiable as such at the time when they were propounded, but which a fuller experience has proved to be inadequate. It is only by the successive testing of hypotheses and rejection of the false that truth is at last elicited. After all, what we call truth is only the hypothesis which is found to work best.
Page iii - Accordingly if we can show that a barbarous custom, like that of the priesthood of Nemi, has existed elsewhere ; if we can detect the motives which led to its institution ; if we can prove that these motives have operated widely, perhaps universally, in human society, producing in varied circumstances a variety of institutions specifically different but generically alike...
Page 360 - Chitome were to die a natural death, the world would perish, and the earth, which he alone sustained by his power and merit, would immediately be annihilated. Accordingly when he fell ill and seemed likely to die, the man who was destined to be his successor entered the pontiff's house with a rope or a club and strangled or clubbed him to death.
Page 36 - ... prayer are the resource of the pious and enlightened portion of the community, while magic is the refuge of the superstitious and ignorant. But when, still later, the conception of the elemental forces as personal agents is giving way to the recognition of natural law ; then magic, based as it implicitly is on the idea of a necessary and invariable sequence of cause and effect, independent of personal will, reappears from the obscurity and discredit into which it had fallen, and by investigating...
Page 330 - In one of the chambers dedicated to Osiris in the great temple of Isis at Philae the dead body of Osiris is represented with stalks of corn springing from it, and a priest is depicted watering the stalks from a pitcher which he holds in his hand.
Page 352 - There is such a holiness ascribed to all the parts of his body that he dares to cut off neither his hair, nor his beard, nor his nails. However, lest he should grow too dirty, they may clean him in the night when he is asleep; because they say that what is taken from his body at that time, hath been stolen from him, and that such a theft does not prejudice his holiness or dignity.
Page 348 - ... and much clamour of the reapers, into the field, where it stands fixed on a pole all day, and when the reaping is done, is brought home in like manner. This they call the Harvest Queen, and it represents the Roman Ceres.
Page 40 - Even an infant king must not be despised, (from an idea) that he is a (mere) mortal; for he is a great deity in human form.
Page 345 - The mistress and servants of each family take a sheaf of oats and dress it up in women's apparel, put it in a large basket, and lay a wooden club by it, and this they call Briid's Bed : and then the mistress and servants cry three times, Briid is come, Briid is welcome.