Elements of Statistics for the Life and Social Sciences
This book was written to myself at about the time I began graduate studies in anthropology-the sort of thing a Samuel Beckett character might do. It is about the conduct of research. In a very real sense the purpose is partially to compensate for the inadequacies of my professors. Perhaps this is what education is about. The effort has not been an unqualified success, but it has been extremely gratifying. I was trained in anthropology. After completing the Ph. D. I went to Stanford on a post-doctoral fellowship. At the time, this was a novelty and the depart ment was not prepared for such a thing. To stay occupied I began attending lectures, seminars, and discussion groups in mathematics and statistics. This was about the luckiest choice I ever made. The excitement was easily as intense as that which I experienced upon encountering anthropology. On one oc casion I innocently and independently proved a theorem that had first been done 2000 years earlier. It is currently used as an exercise in high school mathematics so it is neither difficult nor arcane. Learning all this did not tarnish my sense of discovery. (On reflection I am puzzled by my failure to have seen all this "beauty" when I was exposed to it as an undergraduate. The unparalleled excellence of the Stanford program was undoubtedly responsible for my belated conversion.
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Some Elementary Principles of Deductive Argument
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AA/Aa accepted argument assumed behavior blood group called Clearly column computed concept conclusion conditional consequent consider death type decide defined definition degrees of freedom depends determine deviation difference distribution effect elements equal equation error estimated evaluated event example expected values experiment expression F T F fact false female Figure frequency genotype given greater hypothesis includes increase independent initial interaction interest logic male marginals matrix means medical specialty Note Notice observed obtained occur particular payoff phenotype play player population possible prediction premises presented probability problem produce psychiatrists Recall refer reject relative replacement residuals result sample description space selection simple specific standardized statement statistical step strategy structure suicide Table term theory trait transition true truth variables