What is a Human Being?: A Heideggerian View
This broad, ambitious study is about human nature--treated in a way quite different from the scientific account that influences so much of contemporary philosophy. Drawing on certain basic ideas of Heidegger, the author presents an alternative to the debate waged between dualists and materialists in the philosophy of mind that involves reconceiving the way we usually think about "mental" life. Olafson argues that familiar contrasts between the "physical" and the "psychological" break down under closer scrutiny. They need to be replaced by a conception of human being in which we are not entities compounded out of body and mind, but unitary entities that are distinguished by "having a world," which is very different from simply being a part of the world.
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action actual affairs appear argument assumption belief causal chapter character claim color conceived concept of mind concept of presence constituted context contrast course Descartes described desire discussion distinction dualistic effect ek-sistence element entities epistemic example experience express fact familiar feature feeling first-personal function given Heidegger Heidegger's human body ical idea identified identity imagine implicit intentional object involved Kant kind language least Leibniz line of thought linguistic logical logical independence machine macrobody Martin Heidegger matter means memory mental act modality of presence mode monads natural science notion object observation ontological ourselves P. F. Strawson past perceive perception person philosophical philosophy of mind physical physicalist picture possible postulate presence in absence presupposes properties psychological question reflexivity relation remembering representational theory representationalism representations scientific seems simply someone spatial stand status suggest supposed theory thesis things tion typically understanding understood unity whole words