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7th ed actual Adam Smith agricultural Arthur Young births capital cause census century checks civilization classes condition Corn Laws cultivation deaths demand desire doctrine East India College Econ economical economists Edin Edinburgh Review edition effects emigration England English Essay on Population evil fact France free trade French give Godwin Government greater habits happiness high prices human Ibid improvement increase of population industry Ireland James Mill labour land later less Leysin living Malthus Malthusian manufacturing marriage marry means Measure of Value misery moral restraint natural necessary never Norway numbers over-population Paley passion Political Economy Poor Laws popu poverty present principle produce profits progress proportion question reason rent Revolution Ricardo says scarcity Scotland seems society supply suppose tendency theory thinks thought tion tract truth vice wages Wealth of Nations whole writings
Page 106 - And the land was not able to bear them, that they might dwell together: for their substance was great, so that they could not dwell together.
Page 305 - A man who is born into a world already possessed, if he cannot get subsistence from his parents, on whom he has a just demand, and if the society do not want his labour, has no claim of right to the smallest portion of food, and, in fact, has no business to be where he is. At nature's mighty feast there is no vacant cover for him. She tells him to be gone, and will quickly execute her own orders, if he do not work upon the compassion of some of her guests.
Page 106 - And there was a strife between the herdmen of Abram's cattle and the herdmen of Lot's cattle : and the Canaanite and the Perizzite dwelled then in the land.
Page 33 - Every species of animals naturally multiplies in proportion to the means of their subsistence, and no species can ever multiply beyond it. But in civilized society it is only among the inferior ranks of people that the scantiness of subsistence can set limits to the further multiplication of the human species; and it can do so in no other way than by destroying a great part of the children which...
Page 356 - And let us not be weary in well doing : for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not. 10 As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good unto all men, especially unto them who are of the household of faith.
Page 65 - In the northern states of America, where the means of subsistence have been more ample, the manners of the people more pure, and the checks to early marriages fewer than in any of the modern states of Europe, the population has been found to double itself, for above a century and a half successively, in less than twenty-five years.
Page 213 - Our differences may in some respects, I think, be ascribed to your considering my book as more practical than I intended it to be. My object was to elucidate principles, and to do this I imagined strong cases, that I might show the operation of those principles.
Page 14 - ... ceased, and men have set out in the glorious career of discovery and invention, monopoly and oppression cannot be necessary to prevent them from returning to a state of barbarism. Thus much is certain, that a state of cultivated equality is that state which, in speculation and theory, appears most consonant to the nature of man, and most conducive to the extensive diffusion of felicity.
Page 17 - The race of plants and the race of animals shrink under this great restrictive law. And the race of man cannot, by any efforts of reason, escape from it. Among plants and animals its effects are waste of seed, sickness, and premature death. Among mankind, misery and vice.
Page 30 - Let us, said he, make relief in cases where there are a number of children, a matter of right and an honour, instead of a ground for opprobrium and contempt. This will make a large family a blessing and not a curse ; and this will draw a proper line of distinction between those who are able to provide for themselves by their labour, and those who, after having enriched their country with a number of children, have a claim upon its assistance for their support.