An Economic History of Imperial Madagascar, 1750-1895: The Rise and Fall of an Island Empire
The first comprehensive economic history of pre-colonial Madagascar, this study examines the island's role from 1750 to 1895 in the context of a burgeoning international economy and the rise of modern European imperialism. This study reveals that the Merina of the Central Highlands attempted to found an island empire and through the exploitation of its human and natural resources build the economic and military might to challenge British and French pretensions in the region. Ultimately, the Merina failed due to imperial forced labour policies and natural disasters, the nefarious consequences of which (disease; depopulation; ethnic enmity) have in traditional histories been imputed external capitalist and French colonial policies.
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Africa Andakabe Antananarivo April autarky Betsileo Betsimisaraka Britain British cattle Chapus colonial commercial cotton Decary dhows Diary East Africa East African Slave east coast economic Ellis Emmerton European fanompoana Farquhar FJKM forced labor foreign trade France French gold Grandidier Griffiths Gwyn Campbell Hastie Hines Histoire History of Madagascar IDC Letterbook idem Il.a imperial Merina imported Indian and Swahili Indian Ocean industrial island Journal July June London Missionary Society Madagascar vol Mahajanga Malagasy Malgache March Mascarene Mauritius Mayeur Merina Merina court Merina empire Mission Morondava Mozambique Natal nineteenth century Nosy notably O'Swald Oliver pays d'ancove percent plantations plateau population Port Louis porters PRO.CO production Radama Rainilaiarivony Ranavalona Raombana REC/CR-MZL region Reunion rice Role Sakalava Salem Sept shipped slave exports Slave Trade Slavery SOAS/LMS-MIL Sources d'histoire Stanwood Swahili Tamatave Tananarive Toamasina Vatomandry Voyage au pays west coast Whitney to Ropes Zanzibar
Page 5 - Janet L. Abu-Lughod, Before European Hegemony: The World System AD 1250-1350 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989).
Page 360 - A. Jones, eds., Figuring African Trade (Berlin, 1986), 525-56; Campbell, "The Role of the Merina State in the Decline of the Imperial Merina Economy, 1875-1895,