Modern Chinese Literary Thought: Writings on Literature, 1893-1945
This volume presents a broad range of writings on literature from the period of the inception of literary modernity in China. Of the 55 essays included, 47 are translated here for the first time, including two essays by Lu Xun.
In addition to the selections themselves, the author has provided, in an extensive General Introduction and shorter introductions to the five parts of the book, historical background, a synthesis of current scholarship on modern views of Chinese literature, and an original thesis on the complex formation of Chinese literary modernity. In the author's view, literary discourses were actively reshaped by Chinese writes and critics as responses to deep-set cultural problematics and the socio-historical imperative of the times.
The selection of the essays reflects both the mainstream Marxists interpretation of the literary values of modern China and the marginalized views proscribed, at one time or another, by the leftist canon. With both the canonical and the marginal, this collection offers a full spectrum of modern Chinese perceptions of fundamental literary issues: the nature of the creative act; the relationship between the literary text and reality; the moral, social, and political role of literature; and the filiation of language, literary form, and content.
In presenting the Western reading with a Chinese discourse (in the more traditional sense of the term) about literature, the editor attempts to construct a cultural context for the production of texts in modern Chinese literature. Why did modern Chinese writers write? What goals did they have? How did they think about literature and its relation to its audience and the world? To read the response to these questions is to deepen our understanding of the experience of modernity that lies at the root of works of modern Chinese literature.
The selections were translated by 33 leading scholars in the field of modern Chinese literature.
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THE LATE QING PERIOD 18931911
Foreword to the Publication of Political Novels in Translation
Preface to Oliver Twist
Miscellaneous Notes on Literature excerpts
On the Power of Mara Poetry
On Reading M Huanzhi
Literature and Revolution
Dai Wangshus Poetic Theory
The Divergence of Art and Politics
Thoughts on Realism
Regarding the Literary News and Hu Qiuyuans Literary
Some Modest Proposals for the Reform of Literature
On Literary Revolution
On the Literary Arts excerpts
Art and Life
Replacing Religion with Aesthetic Education
Literature and Life
Preface to The Sorrows of Young Werther
Fusing with Nature
Women and Literature
My Opinions on Creativity
Remarks on the Publication of Saturday
Class Struggle in Literature
From a Literary Revolution to a Revolutionary Literature
The Bygone Age of Ah Q
Freedom for Literature but Not the Writer
On the Third Category
Preface to Public Cemetery
On National Defense Literature
What Do the Broad Masses Demand of Literature?
Excerpts from Mao Zedong
Universal or Restricted?
Talks at the Yanan Forum on Literature and Art
aesthetic Ah Q allusion ancient artistic beauty bourgeois bourgeoisie character Chen Duxiu Cheng Cheng Fangwu China Chinese literary classical Confucian Creation Society creative cultural dynasty erature essay expression feel fiction Fourth Guo Moruo Hu Feng Hu Shi Huanzhi human ideas ideology individual intellectuals kind language late Qing left-wing Liang Liang Qichao Lin Shu litera literary criticism literary revolution literary thought literature and art Lu Xun Mao Dun Marxism masses modern Chinese moral movement nature novel one's peasants period petit-bourgeois poem poet poetic poetry political popular proletariat prose Qian Qu Yuan reader realism reality revolutionary literature role romanticism scholars Shanghai social Song spirit stories struggle style theory things tion Tongcheng traditional Translated ture understand vernacular Wang Wang Guowei Water Margin wenxue Western writers writing on literature Xun's Yan'an Yuan Zhang Zhou Yang Zhou Zuoren