The Life of a Text: Performing the Rāmcaritmānas of Tulsidas
University of California Press, 1991 - Literary Criticism - 469 pages
The Life of a Text offers a vivid portrait of one community's interaction with its favorite text--the epic Ramcaritmanas--and the way in which performances of the epic function as a flexible and evolving medium for cultural expression. Anthropologists, historians of religion, and readers interested in the culture of North India and the performance arts will find breadth of subject, careful scholarship, and engaging presentation in this unique and beautifully illustrated examination of Hindi culture.
The most popular and influential text of Hindi-speaking North India, the epic Ramcaritmanas is a sixteenth century retelling of the Ramayana story by the poet Tulsidas. This masterpiece of pre-modern Hindi literature has always reached its largely illiterate audiences primarily through oral performance including ceremonial recitation, folksinging, oral exegesis, and theatrical representation. Drawing on fieldwork in Banaras, Lutgendorf breaks new ground by capturing the range of performance techniques in vivid detail and tracing the impact of the epic in its contemporary cultural context.
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audience Ayodhya Banaras Banarsi Bharat Brahman brother century chant Chitrakut commentary context crowd culture cycle daily deity Delhi devotees dharma divine editions epic epic's episode example exposition expounders festival Ganga genre Ghat groups Gyan Vapi Hanuman hatha Hein Hindi Hindu Ibid India interpretation interview Kajli kand Karpatri katha kathd kdnd Khojwan king Krishna Kshatriya Kumar Lakshman lila lild listeners Lord maharaja Manas recitation mance Marwari Mathura Muslim Narayan narrative noted oral Pandit passage Pathak patrons performance poet popular Puranas Ram's Ramanandi Ramayan Ramchandra Ramkinkar Ramkumar Ramlila Ramnagar Ramnarayan Ravan reflected religious ritual sacred sadhus Sanatani Sankat Mochan Sanskrit satsahg scripture Sharan Shiva Shrinath Mishra Shudras singers Singh singing Sita Sita's social stanza story style Swami Swami Karpatri temple term tion tradition Tripathi Tulsi's Tulsidas Udit Narayan Upadhyay Uttar Pradesh Vaishnava Valmiki Vapi Veda Vedic verses Vibhishan Vrindavan vyas vyds word worship