Dictionary of Acronyms and Technical Abbreviations: For Information and Communication Technologies and Related Areas
This second edition contains a collection of technical abbreviations, acronyms, and identifiers (in short 'terms') that are used in information and communi cation technologies and other related areas. They have become part of the 'normal' vocabulary in many industries, institutes, organizations and universi ties. Too often they are used without mentioning what they stand for. The main area covered by this dictionary is Information and Communication Technology (ICT). This includes computer and communication hardware and software, communication networks, the Internet and the World Wide Web, and automatic control. Other areas covered are ICT-related techniques,solutions, products, processes and activities. The dictionary also contains symbolic names of organizations and institu tions directly connected to the subjects listed above, as well as the abbreviated names of conferences, symposia, workshops where the mentioned subject areas are treated. In some cases the standard two-letter country codes are listed between parenthesis at the end of every explained term and the country where the term originated. This is a reference book that is important for all practitioners and users in the areas mentioned above. Technical publications often omit the meaning of terms and confront the reader with jargon too often difficult to understand. Readers can use this book as a complete reference guide without having to guess what the letters of the terms stand for. This new edition contains close to 35.000 terms. Approximately ten thousand new items have been added. Obsolete and less relevant terms have been deleted.
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Access Method Adapter Address Register Advanced Analysis Application Programming Interface Architecture Association Automated Automatic Basic Binary Buffer Center Channel Character Circuit Code Communications Computer Aided Computer System Control Block Control System Control Unit Data Base Data Processing Design Device Digital Disk Disk Operating System Display Distributed Electronic Engineering Entry Environment Equipment Error Evaluation Exchange Facility file extension indicator Frequency Function Graphics Group Information System Input Input/Output Instruction Integrated Integrated Circuit Interactive Interface International Internet ISDN Library Line Link Logic Machine Maintenance Management System Memory Message Microprogram Model Module Monitor Multiple Multiplexer Network Number On-Line Open Systems Interconnect Operating System Optical Oriented Output Personal Computer Processing System Processor Product Programming Language Protocol Protocol Data Unit Pulse Queue Random Access Random Access Memory Read Only Memory Real-Time Record Remote Retrieval Sequential Service Signal Simulation Software Standard Storage Switching Synchronous Tape Technology Telecommunications Terminal Test Time-Sharing Transfer Transistor Transmission Unix User Video Virtual