The Christocentric Cosmology of St Maximus the Confessor
St. Maximus the Confessor (580-662), was a major Byzantine thinker, a theologian and philosopher. He developed a philosophical theology in which the doctrine of God, creation, the cosmic order, and salvation is integrated in a unified conception of reality. Christ, the divine Logos, is the centre of the principles (the logoi ) according to which the cosmos is created, and in accordance with which it shall convert to its divine source. Torstein Tollefsen treats Maximus' thought from a philosophical point of view, and discusses similar thought patterns in pagan Neoplatonism. The study focuses on Maximus' doctrine of creation, in which he denies the possibility of eternal coexistence of uncreated divinity and created and limited being. Tollefsen shows that by the logoi God institutes an ordered cosmos in which separate entities of different species are ontologically interrelated, with man as the centre of the created world. The book also investigates Maximus' teaching of God's activities or energies, and shows how participation in these energies is conceived according to the divine principles of the logoi. An extensive discussion of the complex topic of participation is provided.
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according to Maximus actually argument ÂrÌ·È Aristotelian Aristotle aspects Balás basic beginning Cappadocians cause CCSG chapter char Christ Christian Christological concept connected contemplation cosmic cosmology cosmos created creation creative creatures deification Demiurge Dexippus Dionysius Dionysius the Areopagite distinction divine activity divine Ideas doctrine essence and activities eternal well-being existence genera gnost God’s Gregory of Nyssa Gregory Palamas human hypostasis hypostatic Í·Ùa Ibid immanent important Incarnation Intellect intelligible interpretation Isagoge John Philoponus KÌ›Ò„ÂÈ kind logic logoi logos of eternal logos of well-being Maximian Maximus says Maximus the Confessor means metaphysical movement Myst Neoplatonic Neoplatonist ontological ÔPÛfl Palamas participation particular Philoponus philosophical Platonic Plotinus Porphyrian tree Porphyry possible potentiality present principles Proclus Pyrrh relation seems sense Sorabji species St Gregory St Maximus term things thought Thunberg Timaeus transcends triad ÙBÚ uncreated understood unity whole wisdom