Control in Grammar and Pragmatics: A Cross-linguistic Study
The claim that ?pronominals have phonological features only where they must, for some reason , is strongly supported by the occurrence of the null pronoun PRO as coined and introduced by Noam Chomsky. How reference of PRO is determined is the main subject of control theory, the subsystem of core grammar to which this study is dedicated. Chomsky has not followed up his natural suggestion that choice of controller is determined by theta roles or other semantic properties of the verb, perhaps pragmatic conditions of some sort.
But then, a great many students of control have engaged in exploring thematic roles as tools most suitable for investigating control.
Shifting analysis of control to the relationship between thematic features carried by PRO and its potential controller respectively, was a turning point in control theory. Control proved to be a by-product of satisfying matching conditions that exist between thematic properties of PRO and its licit controller. The constraints derived from them are not construction-specific.
If grammar and pragmatics seem to go hand in hand, their complicity in determining control behavior is elucidated by showing that pragmatic factors can be referred to by grammatical constraints. Data of nine languages are used in the study.
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The theory outlined
The persuade subclass and cognate ones subject to
The case of promise
No Choice of Controller
Reflexive clitic impersonal clauses in Control structures
Selfcontrol with evaluating and attitudinal predicates
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adjunct allowed anaphoric antecedent application of B,b ask-type asked assigned intact assume binding theory c-command chain Chomsky clausal complement complement clause conceptual conceptual-pragmatic constraint B,b construal control behaviour control conditions control relation control theory control verbs controlled clause controllee coreference counterparts cross-linguistic Czech dative deontic diirfen discourse-related distinct English ergative verbs event example external argument feature specifications feature value German governing category grammatical identification implicit infinitival complement interface interpretation John Larson lexical properties lexically semantic licensed licit controller Manzini marked application marked constraint marked version markedness matrix clause matrix verb minimalist program neuter overt parameterized particular passive persuade persuade-type pragmatic predicate principles problem PROi promise Raising verb reflexive clitic relevant respective Russian Ruzicka S-structure satisfy semantic sentence Slavic languages subclass subject control subject position syntactic thematic feature thematic specification theta role theta-grid theta-role theta-specification unmarked urn B,b version of constraint violations