Medicine in the Crusades: Warfare, Wounds and the Medieval Surgeon
This is the first book to be published on any aspect of medicine in the crusades. It will be of interest not only to scholars of the crusades specifically, but also to scholars of medieval Europe, the Byzantine world and the Islamic world. Focusing on injuries and their surgical treatment, Piers D. Mitchell considers medical practitioners, hospitals on battlefields and in towns, torture and mutilation, emergency and planned surgical procedures, bloodletting, analgesia and anesthesia. He provides an assessment of the exchange of medical knowledge that took place between East and West in the crusades, and of the medical negligence legislation for which the kingdom of Jerusalem was famous. The book presents a radical reassessment of many outdated misconceptions concerning medicine in the crusades and the Frankish states of the Latin East.
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Medical practitioners in the Frankish states
Hospitals on the battlefield and in the towns
Archaeological evidence for trauma and surgery in the medieval period
Torture and mutilation
Injuries and their treatment
The practice of elective surgery and bloodletting
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Aachen bk Acre Albert of Aachen Albucasis Antioch Arabic army arrow assess Assises barbers Barhebraeus battle blood bloodletting bone Byzantine Cartulaire Général castle Christian chronicles court Cyprus death described died disease doctors Europe European evidence example excavated fractures Frankish Frankish hospitals Frankish settlers Gilbertus healed hospital of St hospitale hospitalia included infection infirmary Islamic John of Joinville Joinville 1874 Joinville 1955 King Baldwin kingdom of Jerusalem knight known Lamberto Balard large numbers Latin East master Matthew Paris McVaugh medical negligence medical practitioners medical texts medicine medieval period mentioned Muslim Order of St patient physician pilgrims poor possible procedure recorded Richard de Templo sick siege skull soldiers sources St John St Mary statutes suggest surgeons surgery techniques Templars Teutonic Order Theodorich Borgognoni 1498 Third Crusade thirteenth century torture town trauma treated twelfth century Usama ibn Munqidh Walter the Chancellor weapon injuries William of Tyre wound written wrote