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100 ton miles absence of smoke advantages annealing APPENDIX atomising average barrels boilers brass British Thermal Units Buess bunkers burn oil calorific value capacity Carbogen cargo cent coal COAL AND OIL coal fired coal or coke combustion compressed air consumed crucible furnace crude oil cubic cwts delivery engines filter Finsbury Pavement fitted flash point forced draught forging furnace front gallons heater heating value illustrated increased installations Kermode kilogram labour liquid fuel load locomotives London marine melting Messrs metal metre Mexican Eagle Oil Mexican fuel oil Mexican oil Mexico minutes obtained oil burner oil burning oil fuel oil furnace output petroleum pipes PORTABLE BURNER pound of oil pressure system pump quantity Railway rivet San Fraterno saving Specific Gravity speed square inch steam burner steamers Steamship stokehold storage suction tank temperature tests valve vessels Viscometer Viscosity voyage Wallsend Wallsend-Howden water evaporated weight
Page 134 - Gravity of an oil is the ratio of the weight of a given volume of the oil to the weight of the same volume of water at the same temperature. The specific gravity of water at 39° Fah.
Page 149 - If it is intended to carry sometimes oil fuel and sometimes water ballast in any of the compartments, the valves or cocks connecting the suction pipes to these compartments with the ballast donkey pump and those connecting them with the oil fuel pump must be so arranged that the oil may be pumped from any one compartment by the oil fuel pump at the same time as the ballast donkey is being used on any other compartment.
Page 37 - The valve controlling the admission of steam is also conveniently located in the cab close to the fireman's seat. A free outlet is allowed for the oil at the nose of the burner ; the steam outlet, however, is contracted at this point by an adjustable plate which partially closes the port, and gives a thin, wide aperture for the exit of the steam. This arrangement tends to wire-draw the steam and increase its velocity at the point of contact with the oil, giving a better atomizing effect.
Page 148 - ... upon them when only partly filled and in a seaway. The riveting of these spaces is to be as required by the rules in the cases of vessels carrying petroleum in bulk, and the scantlings and arrangements must be to the committee's satisfaction. 6. All compartments intended for carrying oil fuel must be tested by a head of water extending to the highest point of the filling pipes, or 12 ft.
Page 148 - Fahrenheit, may be carried in ordinary cellular double bottoms either under engines or boilers or under ordinary cargo holds, also in peak tanks or in deep tanks or in oil bunkers specially constructed for the purpose. 4. Cellular double bottoms when fitted for oil fuel are to have oil-tight centre line divisions and the lengths of these compartments are to be submitted for approval. 5. Peak tanks, deep tanks, bunkers, specially constructed for oil fuel, and...
Page 37 - ... seat. A free outlet is allowed for the oil at the nose of the burner ; the steam outlet, however, is contracted at this point by an adjustable plate which partially closes the port, and gives a thin, wide aperture for the exit of the steam. This arrangement tends to wire-draw the steam and increase its velocity at the point of contact with the oil, giving a better atomizing effect. A permanent adjustment of the plate can be made for each burner after the requirements of service are ascertained....
Page 55 - But the striking fact of the comparison is that the San Eduardo made the round voyage to Mexico and back eight days quicker than the other, and this improved speed means a very important addition to the earning capacity of the vessel.
Page 148 - F. For oil fuel with a lower flash point the arrangements must be submitted for special consideration. 3. Oil fuel, the flash point of which by Abel's close test does not fall below 150° F., may be carried in ordinary cellular double bottoms, either under engines or boilers or under ordinary cargo holds, also in peak tanks or in deep tanks or in oil bunkers specially constructed for the purpose. 4. Cellular double bottoms when fitted for oil fuel are to have oil tight centre line divisions, and...
Page 149 - ... visible. 14. No wood fittings or bearers are to be fitted in the stokehold spaces. 15. Where oil fuel compartments are at the sides of, or above or below the boilers, special insulation is to be fitted where necessary to protect them from the heat from the boilers, smoke boxes, casings, etc.
Page 149 - ... smoke boxes, casings, etc. 10. If the fuel is sprayed by steam, means are to be provided to make up for the fresh water used for this purpose. 11. If the oil fuel is heated by a steam coil the condensed water should not be taken directly to the condenser, but should be led into a tank or an open funnel mouth, and thence led to the hot-well or feed tank. 12. The above arrangements are applicable only to the case of oil fuel, the flash point of which, as determined by Abel's close test, does not...