Improving Training and Performance of Navy Teams: A Design for a Research Program
Rand Corporation, Jan 1, 1980 - Naval education - 80 pages
A design for a large-scale research program on improving Navy team effectiveness. The report assesses the most critical Navy teams, identifies deficiencies in the performance of these teams, and recommends new research that could lead to significant improvements in team performance. The major conclusions are (1) teams performing time-stressed decisionmaking using symbolic information are most critical to mission effectiveness and ship survivability; (2) several currently available instructional methods could immediately improve training; (3) new interdisciplinary research should study simulated teams in laboratory task environments that provide computer-controlled task scenarios, realistic environmental and enemy models, and intra-team communications networks; and (4) promising approaches to improving teams include improving performance models of team tasks, improving the tools and methods of training, compensating for disruptive effects of turnover in team personnel, improving team organization, and improving human-machine systems to aid task performance.
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air traffic control analysis applied approach ARPANET artificial intelligence assess Barbara Hayes-Roth cognitive cognitive psychology combat Combat Information Center command communications computer-based contractors cooperative coordinate decisionmaking teams decisions domain dynamic gaming evaluation experimental feedback flexibility focus Frederick Hayes-Roth functions gaming Group improving team performance individual and team information-processing interaction investigate laboratory facilities man-machine systems mance ment mental models methodologies methods military Naval Navy operations Navy teams operational environments operational equipment organization Organizational organizational studies overall planning potential problem-solving procedures Psychology Rand require research on teams research program research results scenario Section sensor Shelley Taylor simulation situations skills social social psychology SOPs specific strategies structure studies of team System Development Corporation Tactical task environment task performance team members team performance research team research team training Technical Report techniques tion U.S. Army