Modes of Faith: Secular Surrogates for Lost Religious Belief
ReadHowYouWant.com, Aug 22, 2011 - 552 pages
In the decades surrounding World War I, religious belief receded in the face of radical new ideas such as Marxism, modern science, Nietzschean philosophy, and critical theology. Modes of Faith addresses both this decline of religious belief and the new modes of secular faith that took religion's place in the minds of many writers and poets. Theodore Ziolkowski here examines the motives for this embrace of the secular, locating new modes of faith in art, escapist travel, socialism, politicized myth, and utopian visions. James Joyce, he reveals, turned to art as an escape while Hermann Hesse made a pilgrimage to India in search of enlightenment. Other writers, such as Roger Martin du Gard and Thomas Mann, sought temporary solace in communism or myth. And H. G. Wells, Ziolkowski argues, took refuge in utopian dreams projected in another dimension altogether. Rooted in innovative and careful comparative reading of the work of writers from France, England, Germany, Italy, and Russia, Modes of Faith is a critical masterpiece by a distinguished literary scholar that offers an abundance of insight to anyone interested in the human compulsion to believe in forces that transcend the individual.
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Alfred Döblin Annie Besant belief Benares Berlin Bildungsroman Bonsels Catholic Catholicism childhood Christian church critical culture Dauthendey Demian early English Ernst essay Europe European experience father fiction Frankfurt am Main French Friedrich Gard’s George’s Gerhart Hauptmann German God That Failed Hermann Hermann Hesse Hesse Hesse’s human Ibid India intellectual Jean Barois Jesus Karl later literary literature living Loti Martin du Gard Max Dauthendey Men Like Gods ment modern Munich mystical myth mythic mythology Mythos Mythus National Nazi Nietzsche nineteenth century novel Oeuvres Paris Party Paul Valéry philosopher poems poet poetry political Princeton religion religious faith revolution ritual Roger Martin Roman Schriften secular Sinclair social socialist soul spiritual Stefan George surrogate T.S. Eliot Theodore Ziolkowski theology Thomas Mann tion translation trip turn University Press Utopia Utopian Thought Veronika vision volume Waldemar Bonsels Waugh Wells’s Werke writers York young youth Zamiatin