Megawatts and Megatons: The Future of Nuclear Power and Nuclear Weapons

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University of Chicago Press, Dec 15, 2002 - History - 412 pages
In Megawatts and Megatons, world-renowned physicists Richard L. Garwin and Georges Charpak offer an accessible, eminently well-informed primer on two of the most important issues of our time: nuclear weapons and nuclear power. They begin by explaining clearly and concisely how nuclear fission and fusion work in both warheads and reactors, and how they can impact human health. Making a strong and eloquent argument in favor of arms control, Garwin and Charpak outline specific strategies for achieving this goal worldwide. But they also demonstrate how nuclear power can provide an assured, economically feasible, and environmentally responsible source of energy—in a way that avoids the hazards of weapons proliferation. Numerous figures enliven the text, including cartoons by Sempé.
 

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Contents

All Energy Stems From the Same Source
13
The Nuclear Chain Reaction
31
Nuclear Weapons
58
Natural Radiation and Living Things
79
The Civilian Use of Nuclear Energy
107
A Glimpse of the Future of Nuclear Power
153
Safety Nuclear Accidents and Industrial Hazards
170
Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions
206
Making Best Use of Scientists
248
From Arms Race to Arms Control
270
Current Nuclear Threats to Security
311
Can We Rid the World of Nuclear Weapons?
361
A Turning Point in the Nuclear Age?
376
Notes
385
For Further Reading
393
Index
395

Comparing Hazards of Nuclear Power and Other Energy
231

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About the author (2002)

Richard L. Garwin is the Philip D. Reed Senior Fellow for Science and Technology at the Council on Foreign Relations and an adjunct professor of physics at Columbia University. In 1996 he received the Enrico Fermi Award.

Georges Charpak has long worked at the European Center for Particle Physics (CERN) in Geneva. He received the Nobel Prize in 1992.

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