Elsevier's Dictionary of Psychological Theories
Elsevier, Jan 19, 2006 - Psychology - 692 pages
In attempting to understand and explain various behaviour, events, and phenomena in their field, psychologists have developed and enunciated an enormous number of ‘best guesses’ or theories concerning the phenomenon in question. Such theories involve speculations and statements that range on a potency continuum from ‘strong’ to ‘weak’. The term theory, itself, has been conceived of in various ways in the psychological literature.
In the present dictionary, the strategy of lumping together all the various traditional descriptive labels regarding psychologists ‘best guesses’ under the single descriptive term theory has been adopted. The descriptive labels of principle, law, theory, model, paradigm, effect, hypothesis and doctrine are attached to many of the entries, and all such descriptive labels are subsumed under the umbrella term theory.
The title of this dictionary emphasizes the term theory (implying both strong and weak best guesses) and is a way of indication, overall, the contents of this comprehensive dictionary in a parsimonious and felicitous fashion.
The dictionary will contain approximately 2,000 terms covering the origination, development, and evolution of various psychological concepts, as well as the historical definition, analysis, and criticisms of psychological concepts. Terms and definitions are in English.
*Contains over 2,000 terms covering the origination, development and evolution of various psychological concepts
*Covers a wide span of theories, from auditory, cognitive tactile and visual to humor and imagery
*An essential resource for psychologists needing a single-source quick reference
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activity American psychologist approach arousal association ATTRIBUTION THEORY B. F. Skinner basic behavior brain called chology classical conditioning cognitive COLOR VISION COLOR VISION THEORY concept context Descartes doctrine effect ence experience experimental factors formulated Freud FREUD’S THEORY function GESTALT human hypothesis illusion imagery individual individual’s interaction INTERFERENCE THEORIES involving Journal law of effect LAWS/PRINCIPLES learning theory logical memory ment mental mirror neurons motivation NATURE VERSUS NURTURE neural neurons notion object occur one’s organism perception personality theory phenomenon philosopher physical physiological position principle psycho psychoanalysis Psychological Review psychophysical REFERENCES reinforcement response RIES schizophrenia sensory sexual Sigmund Freud situation Skinner Social Psychology SONALITY stimulus structure THEO theoretical THEORIES/LAWS THEORY OF EMOTIONS THEORY OF HUMOR theory of laughter THEORY OF PERSONALITY THEORY/LAWS tion tive University Press versus visual York