The Cult of Silvanus: A Study in Roman Folk Religion
This book will interest students of Roman history, comparative religion, Latin epigraphy and folklore. The author collects and analyzes the enormous epigraphic and archaeological evidence for the cult of Silvanus, the Roman god of agriculture and forests. Silvanus is an important focus of investigation because his private and popular character sets him apart from other deities of the state pantheon.
Six chapters and a conclusion trace the origin, spread, development and final suppression of the cult. Silvanus' nature as a Roman god and his identification with indigenous deities in the provinces are carefully examined. The evidence for temples, priests, collegia and sacred groves is presented along with a detailed treatment of the god's adherents and iconography.
This study adds to our imperfect knowledge of Roman domestic religion as practised by the lower classes. It challenges the widely-held view that private cult was somehow subordinate or inferior to civic paganism.
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Africa agricultural altar Ancient Aquileia Aquincum Augustine Civ Augustus BASD Bona Dea Brigetio Britannia Carnuntum Celtic century A.D. CIL III CIL VI CIL VIII CIL XIV Cocidius collegia collegium Cult of Silvanus Dacia Dalmatia dedications deity Dendrophorus depicted Deus Diana divinities Domaszewski Domesticus Empire epigraphic epithet evidence Faunus festival freedmen Gallia Narbonensis Gaul Germania god's goddesses gods Greek Gromatici Gromatici Veteres GZMS Hercules iconography identified Illyrian imperial inscriptions interpretatio Romana Italy Lambaesis Lares Latin Magna Mercury Mithras Moesia Monteleone Sabino Numen Numidia Nymphs Ostia Ovid Ovid Fasti pagan Palmer Panciera Pannonia Superior Paris perhaps Peter pine popular provinces Region Relief of Silvanus religious rites ritual Roman religion Rome Rome Rome Rome Romische rustic sacred groves Sanctus second century Selvans servile shrines Silvanus Silvanus appears Silvester slaves Statue of Silvanus Sucellus syncretism temple tondo tree venerated Vergil Viator vilicus Wissowa women worship