Biochemistry of Scandium and Yttrium, Part 2: Biochemistry and Applications

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 31, 2000 - Science - 303 pages
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Biochemistry of Scandium and Yttrium gathers together existing knowledge about scandium and yttrium from a wide variety of disciplines. Part 2 addresses the biochemical aspects of these two elements, and the various medical and environmental applications. (Part 1 presents a comparative study of the physical and chemical properties of scandium and yttrium, looking at both their similarities and their differences.) While these elements are relatively rare in nature, these books will show that they have unusual physical and chemical properties, and a disproportionate number of important applications.
Improved analytical techniques have revealed that scandium and yttrium are present throughout living matter, even though only a relatively limited number of species have been analyzed so far. This fact of course has far-ranging implications for biological and environmental concerns.
The major impacts of scandium and yttrium in science, technology, and medicine will be of interest to a wide variety of researchers, including geochemists, inorganic and organic chemists, clinical biochemists, and those specializing in environmental protection.
 

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Contents

Interactions of Scandium and Yttrium within Cells Cellular Organelles and Tissues
1
72 Membrane Interactions
2
73 Interactions with Cells and Cellular Organelles
7
74 Interactions with Antibodies
13
75 Interactions with Tissues and Organs
24
76 Summary
30
References
33
Biochemistry and Physiology of Scandium and Yttrium
39
93 Toxic Effects on Plants
168
94 Toxic Effects on Animals
171
95 Acute Toxicity
175
96 Chronic Toxicity
178
97 Toxic Ocular and Skin Effects
180
98 Toxic Effects on Heart Liver Lung and Other Organs
183
99 Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Toxicity
188
910 Pathologic Effects
193

82 Cytological and Morphological Patterns
40
83 Biochemistry in Lower Organisms Monera Protoctista Fungi
42
84 Biochemistry in Plants
54
85 Biochemistry in Lower Animals Mollusca Arthropoda
64
86 Biochemistry in Fish and Birds
68
87 Biochemistry in Mammals
70
872 Metabolism of Soluble Intravascular Administration
72
873 Metabolism of Insoluble Forms
79
874 Metabolism of Chelated Forms
80
88 Biochemistry in Humans
83
89 Nutrition and Diet
90
810 Involvement in Enzymes and in Main and Secondary Metabolism
97
811 Membranes and Transport
112
812 Involvement in Physiological Processes
122
813 Patterns in Disease and Pathological Conditions
127
814 Effects on Genetic and Immunologic Processes
136
815 Comparison to Lanthanides Aluminum and Other Trace Elements
138
816 Essentiality Hormesis and Other Theoretical and Practical Approaches
140
817 Summary
144
References
146
Toxicology Carcinogenicity and Pharmacology of Scandium and Yttrium
165
92 Toxic Effects on Microorganisms
166
911 Genetic Effects
196
912 Immunologic Effects
199
913 Pharmacological Effects
203
914 Toxic Effects on Humans
205
915 Carcinogenicity Mutagenicity and Teratogenicity
208
916 Radiotoxicity
210
917 Hazard Occupational and Environmental Impacts
225
References
231
918 Summary
232
Biochemical and Other Techniques That Employ Yttrium and Scandium Outlook
245
103 Mimicking Action of Calcium Cellular Fluxes and Metabolism
247
104 Blood Flow and Microsphere Therapy
248
105 Radiolabeling of Antibodies and Other Compounds
253
106 Other Biochemical and Medical Applications
255
107 Biological Agricultural and Environmental Applications
261
108 Applications in Industry and Technology
263
109 Outlook
267
References
272
Suggested Further Reading
283
Index
289
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Page 281 - Now let us come to those references to authors which other books have, and you want for yours. The remedy for this is very simple : You have only to look out for some book that quotes them all, from A to Z as you say yourself, and then insert the very same alphabet in your book, and though the imposition may be plain to see, because you have so little need to borrow from them, that is no matter; there will probably be some simple enough to believe that you have made use of them all in this plain,...
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