The Siege of Vienna: The Last Great Trial Between Cross & Crescent
"In his splendid study The Siege of Vienna, the Oxford historian John Stoye provides a detailed account of the intricate machinations between the Habsburgs and the Ottomans. Mr. Stoye's description of the siege itself is masterly. He seems to know every inch of ground, every earthwork and fortification around the Imperial City, and he follows the action meticulously."--The Wall Street Journal
"Worthy of the pen of Herodotus. . . . It is a measure of the fascination of Mr. Stoye's subject that one should think of comparing his treatment of it with the work of the greatest historians."--The Times Literary Supplement
"John Stoye is the master of every aspect of his subject."--Daily Telegraph
The siege of Vienna in 1683 was one of the turning points in European history. So great was its impact that countries normally jealous and hostile sank their differences to throw back the armies of Islam and their savage Tartar allies.
The consequences of defeat were momentous: The Ottomans lost half of their European territories, which led to the final collapse of their empire, and the Habsburgs turned their attention from France and the Rhine frontier to the rich pickings of the Balkans. That hot September day in 1683 witnessed the last great trial of strength between the East and the West-and opened an epoch in European history that lasted until the First World War.
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Acta advance ambassador army arrived attack August Austria bastions Bavarian began Bohemia Bojani Brandenburg bridge Buda Buonvisi burghers camp campaign Caplirs Caprara cavalry Christian command Council counterscarp court Cracow Danube defence dragoons Elector Emperor Empire enemy envoy Estates Esztergom farther fighting florins forces forward France Franconian French frontier garrison Germany Geschichte Grand Vezir Gyor Habsburg Habsburg government Herman of Baden Hetman Hofburg Hungary infantry Istanbul Janissaries July Kara Mustafa King of Poland Klopp Komarom Krems Kreutel Kuniz Lamberg Leopold Leopoldstadt Linz Lorraine Lorraine's Louis XIV Lower Austria Magyars Marco d'Aviano Max Emmanuel miles military moat Moravia Moslem moved negotiate Neuhausel Newald nuncio officers once Ottoman Passau Poles Polish Pressburg Prince Raba ravelin reached Regensburg regiments river Saxon September siege Sienawski Sobieski soldiers soon Starhemberg Sultan Tartars Thokoly Thokoly's took Transylvania treaty troops Tulln Turkish Turks Vienna Waldeck walls Warsaw Wien Wiener Wald