The 'Abbāsid Revolution

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CUP Archive, Mar 8, 1979 - History - 181 pages
The 'Abbāsid Revolution of the eighth century A. D. began in eastern Iran and spread from there to the rest of the Arab Empire. In this 1970 text, Dr Shaban studies the causes of this revolution, which had profound effects on Islamic society and politics, and challenges the view that it was precipitated by the failure of the Arab rulers to treat their Iranian subjects as equals of the Arabs. He maintains that the object of the revolution was the assimilation of all Muslims in the Empire into one community in which Arabs and non-Arabs would have equal rights. The social and political background of the Revolution and its causes are analysed. Dr Shaban, using extensive source material, describes the situation in eastern Iran at the time of the Arab conquest, and a discussion of the revolution itself considers the ideological content and whether it was successful in achieving its objectives.
 

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Contents

The political geography of Khurāsān and the East
1
The Arab conquest of Khurāsān
16
The central government and the tribesmen
35
AlHajjāj and the East
59
Sulaymān and Umar II the opposition in power
76
Umar II a Muslim statesman
86
Victory for the imperialists
93
The Turgesh threat
106
The reorganization of Hishām ΙΙ4
114
The revolt of alHarith ibn Surayj 118 2 The revolt of alHarith ibn Surayj
121
s Nasr ibn Sayyār and the return to Merv
127
The Revolution
138
Bibliography
169
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