Ancient Empires: From Mesopotamia to the Rise of Islam
Ancient Empires is a relatively brief yet comprehensive and even-handed overview of the ancient Near East, the Mediterranean, and Europe, including the Greco-Roman world, Late Antiquity, and the early Muslim period. Taking a focused and thematic approach, it aims to provoke a discussion of an explicit set of themes supplemented by the reading of ancient sources. By focusing on empires and imperialism as well as modes of response and resistance, it is relevant to current discussions about order, justice, and freedom. The book concludes that some of the ancient world's most enduring ideas, value systems, and institutions were formulated by peoples who were resisting the great empires. It analyzes the central, if problematic, connection between political and ideological power in both empire formation and resistance. The intricate interrelations among ideological, economic, military, and political power are explored for every empire and resisting group.
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introduction What is an Ancient Empire?
chapter one Prelude to the Age of Ancient Empires
chapter two The Rise of the Age of Ancient Empires
Varieties of Responses
The NeoBabylonian and Early Achaemenid Persian Empires
East Meets West
chapter six Democracy and Empire Between Athens and Alexander
The Hellenistic Synthesis
The Foundations of the Principate
chapter eleven Ruling and Resisting the Roman Empire
chapter twelve Imperial Crisis and Recovery
chapter thirteen Universal Empires and Their Peripheries in Late Antiquity
chapter fourteen The Formation of the Islamic World Empire
chapter eight The Western Mediterranean and the Rise of Rome
Roman Imperialism and the End of the Old Order
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Achaemenid Aegean Age of Ancient Alexander Alexander’s Ancient Empires ancient world army Ashur Assyrian Athenian Athens Augustus Babylon Babylonian barbarian Battle began Bronze Age Byzantine campaigns Carthage central century B.C. chapter Christian city-states coalition conquered conquest Constantine continued culture Darius Diocletian divine dominated East Eastern economic Egypt Egyptian elites emerged emperor expansion famous frontiers gods Greco-Persian War Greece Greek groups Hellenistic world helped Herodotus historians IEMP Imperial Cult inhabitants inscription Ionian Islamic Jewish Jews king kingdom land Late Antiquity later leaders Macedonian major Marduk Mediterranean Mesopotamia Miaphysitism military Nabonidus Neo-Assyrian Empire Neo-Babylonian Neo-Babylonian Empire patterns Persian Empire Phoenicians poleis polis political population proclaimed provinces regions reign religious ideology republic resistance Resource revolt rise Roman Empire Rome Rome’s rule rulers Sasanid scholars Seleucid Senate Shalmaneser Shalmaneser III simply sixth century social story temple third century throughout trade traditional trans Umayyad University Urartian Urartu victory western