The New Domestic Automakers in the United States and Canada: History, Impacts, and Prospects
Over the past forty years, state/provincial and local governments in the United States and Canada have provided foreign automakers with approximately $4.80 billion in incentives in order to lure light vehicles assembly plants to their areas. This has included tax abatements, infrastructure construction, land giveaways, job training programs, and other subsidies. As of early 2015, ten foreign vehicle makers operated 20 light vehicles in developed North America. Despite the fact that all ten of these automakers have pursued a similar pattern—first exporting vehicles into the United States and Canada before launching vehicle plants in developed North America—each has followed its own specific historical development path and has created its own unique growth trajectory.This book provides a unique historical and qualitative review of these ten vehicle makers, from their early beginnings to their export entry into the United States and/or Canada through early 2015. In addition, it chronicles the histories of more than a dozen former automakers and potential future foreign light motor vehicle assembly plants in the United States and Canada. This includes the first foreign automaker to build its cars in the United States, De Dion-Bouton of France in July 1900, the early 20th Century endeavors of Fiat, Mercedes, and Rolls Royce, and the present day hopes of Chinese and Indian automakers. In the process, the text also provides an assessment of the top competing states and sites for any future plants, the possible incentives packages governments may offer to attract such facilities, and an estimated incentive value for each automaker.
Overall, the goal of this book is to expand the knowledge of policymakers at all tiers of government in the United States and Canada and to help them take a more holistic look at the pros and cons of attracting Automobile Manufacturing FDI. It is hoped that this will enable them to make more informed decisions when pursuing a new foreign motor vehicle assembly plant. Its findings should also prove informative to urban and regional planning, political science, sociology, economics, labor, and international development scholars and students in North America and worldwide.
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Ch04 The Golden Age for European Cars in North America Part II
Ch05 Birth of the Japanese New Domestics
Part II THE JAPANESE INVASION AND THE BIRTH OF THE NEW DOMESTIC AUTOMAKERS
Ch06 Imports Trade Friction and the Japanese Invasion Part I
Part IV WHOS COMING AND WHEN? PREDICTING THE FUTURE EXPANSIONS OF FOREIGN AUTOMAKERS
Ch13 The New Big Three
Ch14 The Potential NearTerm Expansions of Japans Smaller Producers in the United States and Canada
Ch15 Projections for European Automaker Expansions in the United States and Canada
Ch16 Projections for Korean and Chinese Automaker Expansions in the United States and Canada
Ch17 European Acquisitions and Projections for Indian Automaker Plants in the United States and Canada
ASSESSING THE AUTOMAKERS SITES AND SUMMARY
Ch18 Worth the Investment?
Ch07 Japanese Invasion Part II
Ch08 The Second Wave of Japanese Auto Transplants Part I
Ch09 The Second Wave of Japanese Auto Transplants Part II
Part III HERE COME THE GERMAN LUXURY AND SOUTH KOREAN AUTOMAKERS
Ch10 Here Come the Germans Part I
Ch11 Here Come the Germans Part II
Ch12 Then Came the Koreans
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American announced April assembly plant Audi August Auto automaker automaker’s Automobile Available brand build calendar Canada Canadian carmaker cars chapter China Chrysler CitroŽn compact compact SUVs company’s Corporation County coupe crossover SUV Daewoo Daimler Daimler-Benz December deliveries employment engine expanded export facility factory February Fiat Ford foreign automakers four-cylinder four-door Georgano hatchback Honda Hyundai imported incentive package industry Isuzu Jaguar January Japan Japanese automaker joint venture July June Kia Motors Land Rover last accessed later launch light trucks light vehicles located luxury manufactured March marque Mazda Megasite Mercedes-Benz Mexico mid-size miles million Mitsubishi Motor Corporation Nissan North America November October Online output percent Peugeot pickup production PSA Peugeot CitroŽn Region Renault Saab sedan sedans September six-cylinder sold South Korea Spartanburg Subaru subcompact Suzuki today’s two-door U.S. sales United vehicle capacity Volvo Ward’s Automotive Yearbook Website world’s York