Arabic and Persian Loanwords in Tagalog
The few, and generally obsolete Tagalog words of Arabic and/or Persian origin that can be found in old and modern dictionaries are fragments from a period when they must have been more numerous, although their number cannot ever have been very large. Some illustrate how Manila was an outpost of the Bornean polity based in Brunei, itself a part of the Indo-Javanese system, while others point at direct contacts with traders who spoke some varieties of Arabic, but were probably Indians, Persians, Armenians from Persia or even Turks. Thus these terms entered Tagalog over a very long period that lasted until the 19th Century.
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Similarities with Tagalog
Arabic Persian sounds in Insulindian ears
NonArabic Muslim terms
The Spanish intermediary
The English intermediary
Conventions for Maranao
Conventions for Sanskrit
Maranao titles of the Qurânic sections
Al-JuzAli alcabuz Arabic alphabet Arabic loanwords Arabic term arquebus Austronesian Baybáyin Bornean borrowed from Arabic Brunei Burney Cafres called Tag century Chinese circumcision cognate consonants derived diacritics dictionary ditto dÜZ e.g. Tag ETYM etymon filiation Filipino gerund gloss glottal stop God’s IBN-BATTUTA India Insulindia Islamic calendar island Jawi king la:h language letter loanwords Lºs Loyré Luzon Magindanaon Malay manga Manila Maranao meaning Mecca Mindanao modern Moros mosque Muhammad Muslim Old Sp one’s original Pang Paris Persian Philippines phoneme Portuguese prayer prefix pronounced pronunciation Prophet Quezon City Qur’ān religious salamat Sanskrit Spaniards Spanish term stem Sultan Sulu Tagalog term Tausug toponym translation transliteration vowel Waqwaqs Wehr words