In the Shadow of Slavery: African Americans in New York City, 1626-1863

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University of Chicago Press, Feb 2, 2003 - History - 380 pages
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"The black experience in the antebellum South has been thoroughly documented. But histories set in the North are few. In the Shadow of Slavery, then, is a big and ambitious book, one in which insights about race and class in New York City abound. Leslie Harris has masterfully brought more than two centuries of African American history back to life in this illuminating new work."—David Roediger, author of The Wages of Whiteness

In 1991 in lower Manhattan, a team of construction workers made an astonishing discovery. Just two blocks from City Hall, under twenty feet of asphalt, concrete, and rubble, lay the remains of an eighteenth-century "Negro Burial Ground." Closed in 1790 and covered over by roads and buildings throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the site turned out to be the largest such find in North America, containing the remains of as many as 20,000 African Americans. The graves revealed to New Yorkers and the nation an aspect of American history long hidden: the vast number of enslaved blacks who labored to create our nation's largest city.

In the Shadow of Slavery lays bare this history of African Americans in New York City, starting with the arrival of the first slaves in 1626, moving through the turbulent years before emancipation in 1827, and culminating in one of the most terrifying displays of racism in U.S. history, the New York City Draft Riots of 1863. Drawing on extensive travel accounts, autobiographies, newspapers, literature, and organizational records, Leslie M. Harris extends beyond prior studies of racial discrimination by tracing the undeniable impact of African Americans on class, politics, and community formation and by offering vivid portraits of the lives and aspirations of countless black New Yorkers.

Written with clarity and grace, In the Shadow of Slavery is an ambitious new work that will prove indispensable to historians of the African American experience, as well as anyone interested in the history of New York City.
 

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In the shadow of slavery: African Americans in New York City, 1626-1863

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Over the past few years, historians have been unearthing and reconstructing the once hidden lives of African Americans in northern cities. Harris (history, Emory Univ.) extends other recent work by ... Read full review

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Contents

1 Slavery in Colonial New York
11
2 The Struggle against Slavery in Revolutionary and Early National New York
48
3 Creating a Free Black Community in New York City during the Era of Emancipation
72
The Limits of Emancipation
96
Charity Workers and Black Activism in Postemancipation New York City
134
Radical Abolitionists and Black Political Activism against Slavery and Racism
170
Radical Abolitionists Black Labor and Black WorkingClass Activism after 1840
217
Blacks Irish Immigrants and Amalgamation
247
9 The Failures of the City
263
Postscript
289
Notes
293
Works Consulted
339
Index
363
Copyright

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Page 347 - A | Journal | of the | Proceedings | in | The Detection of the Conspiracy | formed by | Some White People, in Conjunction with Negro and other Slaves, | for | Burning the City of New- York in America, | And Murdering the Inhabitants.
Page 347 - The Trial of Amos Broad and his Wife, on three several Indictments for Assaulting and Beating Betty, a Slave, and her little Female Child Sarah, Aged Three Years...
Page 379 - The New York Society for promoting the Manumission of Slaves, and protecting such of them as have been or may be liberated...
Page 346 - ALMSHOUSE, vs. Alexander Whistelo, a black man ; being a remarkable case of bastardy, tried and adjudged by the mayor, recorder, and several aldermen, of the city of New York...

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About the author (2003)

Leslie M. Harris is an associate professor of history at Emory University.

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