Social Zooarchaeology: Humans and Animals in Prehistory
This is the first book to provide a systematic overview of social zooarchaeology, which takes a holistic view of human-animal relations in the past. Until recently, archaeological analysis of faunal evidence has primarily focused on the role of animals in the human diet and subsistence economy. This book, however, argues that animals have always played many more roles in human societies: as wealth, companions, spirit helpers, sacrificial victims, totems, centerpieces of feasts, objects of taboos, and more. These social factors are as significant as taphonomic processes in shaping animal bone assemblages. Nerissa Russell uses evidence derived from not only zooarchaeology, but also ethnography, history and classical studies, to suggest the range of human-animal relationships and to examine their importance in human society. Through exploring the significance of animals to ancient humans, this book provides a richer picture of past societies.
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Africa agriculture American Anatolia animal bones animal domestication animal remains animal wealth Archaeological Science argues associated behavior birds body breeding bridewealth Brightman Bronze Age bull burials C¸atalh¨oy¨uk cattle Cauvin ceremonial Chapter Clutton-Brock consumption context culture deer depictions deposits dogs domestic animals domination early eaten ethnographic Europe evidence extinctions faunal remains feasts female foragers gender groups herd animals herders Holocene hominids horses household human human–animal relationships hunters hunting Ingold interpreted Iron Age islands Journal of Archaeological killing labor livestock male mammals mammoths mandibles meat sharing megafauna Mesolithic milk mortality profiles Neolithic Nuer Opovo Oxford particularly perhaps pets pigs Pleistocene population PPNB practices predators prehistoric prestige prey production red deer relations ritual role sacrifice scapulae scapulimancy scavenging Secondary Products Revolution settlements shamans skulls slaughter social societies species strategies subsistence suggests symbolic taboos taxa tion Upper Paleolithic whereas wild animals women World zooarchaeology