Language and Nationalism in Europe

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Stephen Barbour, Cathie Carmichael
OUP Oxford, Dec 14, 2000 - 332 pages
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This book examines the role of language in the present and past creation of social, cultural, and national identities in Europe. It considers the way in which language may sometimes reinforce national identity (as in England) while tending to subvert the nation-state (as in the United Kingdom). After an introduction describing the interactive roles of language, ethnicity, culture, and institutions in the character and formation of nationalism and identity, the book considers their different manifestations throughout Europe. Chapters are devoted to Britain and Ireland; France; Spain and Portugal; Scandinavia; the Netherlands and Belgium; Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and Luxembourg; Italy; Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic; Bulgaria, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Albania, Slovenia, Romania, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo; Greece and Turkey; the Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, the Baltic States, and the Russian Federation. The book concludes with a consideration of the current relative status of the languages of Europe and how these and the identities they reflect are changing and evolving.
 

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Contents

Nationalism Language Europe
1
Britain and Ireland The Varying Significance of Language for Nationalism
18
France One state one nation one language?
44
The Iberian Peninsula Conflicting Linguistic Nationalisms
83
Northern Europe Languages as Prime Markers of Ethnic and National Identity
105
The Low Countries A Study in Sharply Contrasting Nationalisms
130
Germany Austria Switzerland Luxembourg The Total Coincidence of Nations and Speech Communities?
151
Language and Nationalism in Italy Language as a Weak Marker of Identity
168
Contrasting Ethnic Nationalisms Eastern Central Europe
183
A people exists and that people has its language Language and Nationalism in the Balkans
221
Greece and European Turkey From Religious to Linguistic Identity
240
Coming to Terms with the Past Language and Nationalism in Russia and its Neighbours
264
Conclusions Language and National Identity in Europe
280
References
290
Index
309
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