Language and Nationalism in Europe
This book examines the role of language in the present and past creation of social, cultural, and national identities in Europe. It considers the way in which language may sometimes reinforce national identity (as in England) while tending to subvert the nation-state (as in the United Kingdom). After an introduction describing the interactive roles of language, ethnicity, culture, and institutions in the character and formation of nationalism and identity, the book considers their different manifestations throughout Europe. Chapters are devoted to Britain and Ireland; France; Spain and Portugal; Scandinavia; the Netherlands and Belgium; Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and Luxembourg; Italy; Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic; Bulgaria, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Albania, Slovenia, Romania, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo; Greece and Turkey; the Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, the Baltic States, and the Russian Federation. The book concludes with a consideration of the current relative status of the languages of Europe and how these and the identities they reflect are changing and evolving.
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Britain and Ireland The Varying Significance of Language for Nationalism
France One state one nation one language?
The Iberian Peninsula Conflicting Linguistic Nationalisms
Northern Europe Languages as Prime Markers of Ethnic and National Identity
The Low Countries A Study in Sharply Contrasting Nationalisms
Germany Austria Switzerland Luxembourg The Total Coincidence of Nations and Speech Communities?
Language and Nationalism in Italy Language as a Weak Marker of Identity
Contrasting Ethnic Nationalisms Eastern Central Europe
A people exists and that people has its language Language and Nationalism in the Balkans
Greece and European Turkey From Religious to Linguistic Identity
Coming to Terms with the Past Language and Nationalism in Russia and its Neighbours
Conclusions Language and National Identity in Europe
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Albanian areas Balkans Basque Basque Country bilingual Breton Britain Bulgaria Castilian Catalan Catalonia Catholic Celtic languages cent Church Croatian cultural Czech Danish Dhimotiki distinct language dominant Dutch economic elite Empire English ethnic groups Europe European example Finland Finnish Flemish France French Frisian Gaelic Galician German dialects German-speaking Greece Greek Habsburg historical Hungarian Hungary important independence influence Ireland Irish Kashubian Katharevousa Language and Nationalism langues Latin linguistic literary language Macedonia Magyar majority minority languages modern movement Muslims nation-states national identity national language nationalist Netherlands nineteenth century nobility northern Norway Norwegian Nynorsk Occitan Ottoman particularly Poland Polish political population Protestant regional languages religious Republic role Romanian Russian Sami schools separate Serbs Slavonic languages Slavonic-speaking Slovak social Soviet Spain Spanish speak speakers spoken standard Italian standard language status Swedish territory tion Toubon law tradition Turkish twentieth century Ukraine Ukrainian varieties Vlachs written language Yugoslavia
Page 4 - Again, he defines the modern nation, in ideal-typical terms, as 'a named human population sharing a historic territory, common myths and historical memories, a mass, public culture, a common economy and common rights and duties for all members'.