Sliding Friction: Physical Principles and Applications
Sliding friction is one of the oldest problems in physics and certainly one of the most important from a practical point of view. The ability to produce durable low-friction surfaces and lubricant fluids has become an important factor in the miniaturization of moving components in many technological devices, e.g. magnetic storage, recording systems, miniature motors and many aerospace components. This book will be useful to physicists, chemists, materials scientists, and engineers who want to understand sliding friction. The book (or parts of it) could also form the basis for a modern undergraduate or graduate course on tribology. This second edition covers several new topics including friction on superconductors, experimental studies and computer simulations of the layering transition, nanoindentation, wear in combustion engines, rubber wear, effects due to humidity, rolling and sliding of carbon nanotubes and the friction dynamics of granular materials.
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adhesion adsorbate layer adsorbate-substrate amplitude area of real asperities assume atoms barrier boundary lubrication calculation center of mass consider constant contact area contribution corrugation coverage dashed line decreases defect density depends discussed displacement drift velocity driving force elastic solid electronic friction energy equation of motion experimental external force fluctuations fluid fluidization flux line force F frequency friction coefficient function gives hysteresis IC-solid increase interaction interface kinetic friction kinetic friction force lattice linear liquid load lubrication film metal molecular molecules monolayer monolayer film myosin Note nucleation observed occurs particle phase phonon plastic deformation pressure radius real contact region result rubber Sect shear rate shear stress shown in Fig shows sliding dynamics sliding friction slip spring force spring velocity static friction force stationary contact steady sliding stick-slip motion stress blocks studied substrate surface forces apparatus Teflon temperature thermal excitation thickness viscosity yield stress zero