Institutional Adjustment of Methadone Maintenance Treatment Program Participants
Ensuring that offenders have access to interventions that will assist them in dealing with their substance abuse issues allows the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) to support the safe reintegration of offenders into society. In order to address the treatment needs of offenders with opioid dependence, CSC introduced the Methadone Maintenance Treatment Program (MMTP) in 1998. Methadone is a long-acting, synthetic, opioid medication that helps to stabilize the lives of people who are dependent on opioids, and to reduce the harms related to their use (CAMH, 2003b), as it prevents withdrawal symptoms, reduces cravings, and blocks the euphoric effects of shorter acting opioids (CPSO, 2005). This study examined indicators of institutional adjustment, including urinalysis results, program participation, disciplinary charges and admissions to segregation, for a retrospective cohort of male federal offenders initiated in CSC's MMTP between 2003 and 2008. Changes over time (pre and post-MMTP initiation) were examined.
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