The Witchcraft Sourcebook

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Brian P. Levack
Psychology Press, 2004 - History - 348 pages
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This fascinating collection of documents illustrates the development of ideas about witchcraft from ancient times to the twentieth century. Many of the sources come from the period between 1400 and 1750, when more than 100,000 people – mainly women – were prosecuted for witchcraft in Europe and colonial America.

Including trial records, demonological treatises and sermons, literary texts, narratives of demonic possession, and artistic depiction of witches, the documents reveal how contemporaries from various periods have perceived alleged witches and their activities. Brian P. Levack shows how notions of witchcraft have changed over time. He looks at the connection between gender and witchcraft and the nature of the witch's perceived power.

This Sourcebook provides students of the history of witchcraft with a broad range of sources, many of which have been translated into English for the first time, with commentary and background by one of the leading scholars in the field.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Witchcraft and magic in the Ancient World
5
The witch of Endor
7
A sorcery trial in the second century
10
Curse tablets against Roman characters
14
Apuleis the power of winches
16
Horace Canidia as a witch figure
22
Love magic in antiquity
25
King Louis XIV of France the decriminalization of French Withcraft 1682
163
Christian Thomasius the prohibition of torture 1705
167
The repeal of the English and Scottish witchcraft statutes 1736
171
Witchcraft trials in the sixteenth and sevemteenth centuries
173
The confession of Niclas Fiedler at Trier 1591
175
The trial of Francatte Camont in Lorraine 1598
179
The confessions of witches in Guernsey 1617
185
The trial and confession of Elizabeth Sawyer 1621
190

St Augustine demonic power in early Christianity
27
The medieval foundations of witchhunting
31
Canon law and witchcraft
33
St Thomas Aquinas scholasticism and magic
36
The trial of Dame Alice Kyteler 1324
39
Nicholas Eymeric magic and heresy 1376
43
The University of Paris a condemnation of magic 1398
47
Johannes Nider an early description of the witches sabbath 1435
52
Heinrich Kramer Malleus maleficarum 1486
57
Witch beliefs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries
69
Lambert Deneau Protestantism and witchcraft 1574
71
Henri Boguet the threat of witchcraft 1574
77
Nicolas Remy the Devils mark and flight to the sabbath 1595
82
Martin Del Rio the maleficia of witches 1600
88
William Perkins good and bad witches 1608
94
Francesco Maria Guazzo the pact with the Devil 1608
99
Pierre de Lancre dancing and sex at the sabbath 1612
104
Cotton Mather the apocalypse and witchcraft 1692
110
James Hutchingson children the covenant and witchcraft 1697
113
The trial and punishment of witches
117
Innocent VIII papal inquisitions and witchcraft 1484
119
Heinrich Kramer the torture of accused witches 1486
123
Jean Bodin witchcraft as an excepted crime 1580
128
Henri Boguet the conduct of a witchcraft judge 1602
135
King James VI the swimming and pricking of witches 1597
140
Friedrich Spee a condemnation of torture 1631
145
Sir Robert Filmer the discovery of witches 1652
154
Sir George Mackenzie judicial caution in the trial of witches 1678
158
The confessions of Johannes Junius at Bamberg 1628
198
The witchhunt as Eichstatt 1637
203
The trial of Janet Barker and Margaret Lauder at Edinburgh 1643
210
A Russian witchtrial at Lukh 1657
214
The Salem witchcraft trials 1692
220
Demonic possession and witchcraft
231
Johann Weyer the possession of the nuns at Wertet 1550
235
Henri Boguet the possession of Loyse Maillat 1598
239
The possession of Marthe Brossier 1599
243
Edward Jorden demonic possession and disease 1603
249
The possessions at Loudun 1634
252
Cotton Mather the possession of the Goodwin children 1688
261
The possession of Christian Shaw 1697
266
The skeptical tradition
275
Johann Weyer witches as melancholics 1563
277
Reginals Scot the unreality of witchcraft 1584
285
Alonso de Salazer Frias the unreliability of confessions 1612
293
Thomas Hobbes the nature of demons 1651
299
Baruch Spinoza the nonexistence of the Devil 1661 1675
305
John Webster witchcraft and the occult 1677
307
Balthazar Bekker the disenchantment of the world 1695
313
Dramatic representations of witchcraft
319
Seneca the witch in classical drama
321
Fernando de Rojas the witch figure in the Renaissance 1499
325
Thomas Middleton the witch in English drama 1613
329
Hans WiersJenssen a Norwegian witchcraft drama 1917
335
Index
345
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