The eyes of fishes
Clarendon Press, May 18, 1989 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 308 pages
This monograph surveys the morphology and function of eyes of a variety of fishes, including lampreys, sharks, and bony fishes. The author draws upon a vast literature to discuss the construction of the fish eye, the way in which images are focused on the retina, and the response of the retina to these images. Consideration is given to development, movement of eyes, vascular supply, retinomotor activity, intraocular filters, and tapeta lucida. Anatomical descriptions are accompanied by functional interpretations made in the light of current research. The book concludes with surveys of visual characteristics and abilities, such as visual fields, resolving power, and sensitivity threshold, and adaptations to the photoenvironment as shown by visual pigments and changes occurring in the eyes of migratory fishes.
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sulcus conjunctiva and lids
Sclera cornea and spectacle
17 other sections not shown
absorbed absorption accommodation amacrine cells aperture aqueous argenteum artery axis axons bipolar cells cell processes centre choriocapillaris choroid colour contains cornea dark dark-adapted deep-sea fishes dendrites density depolarize direction dorsal double cones elasmobranchs elongate epithelial epithelium external limiting membrane falciform process fibres Figure fovea freshwater function ganglion cells goldfish horizontal cells hyperpolarize illumination increases inner nuclear layer inner plexiform layer inner segment input interplexiform cells iris lamellae lampreys lens muscle light Locket Lythgoe mesopelagic movements Munk Mustelus myoids neurones occur optic nerve outer plexiform layer outer segments photoreceptors pigment epithelium polarization porphyropsin posterior pupil pupillary receptive field receptors reflecting refractive region response rete retina retinomotor rhodopsin rods and cones rostral sclera scotopic selachians sensitivity sharks single cones Sivak species spectral spectrum sphincter stroma surface synapses tapeta tapetum teleosts terminals thick trout types ventral vertical vessels vision visual field visual pigment vitreous wavelengths yellow