Regionalism and Realism: A Study of Governments in the New York Metropolitan Area

Front Cover
Brookings Institution Press, 2001 - Political Science - 308 pages
1 Review

Drawing on the history of state and local government in the New York Tri-State metropolitan region, the authors present a pathbreaking new theory about the values reformers must understand and balance in order to tackle the hard challenges of reforming and regionalizing local governance in the complex, dynamic world of American politics and public policy. Their examination of the way 2,179 local governments in the Tri-State region have evolved over more than a century pays special attention to New York City, but is applicable to other metropolitan areas. It brings to life ideas that are crucial to a subject that in the academic literature is often treated in a way that is abstract and hard to grasp. This is a valuable book for scholars, political leaders, and students interested in regionalism in metropolitan America and in the fascinating history and governance of the nationí»s largest city and its vast metropolitan region.

  

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

The New York Region 2179 Governments
3
New York City and the Region
4
Origins and Consequences
8
Variations in Local Government
10
Special Burdens on Cities
12
Costs of Fragmentation and Layering
17
SpecialPurpose Governments
22
Details and the Big Picture
26
A Regional or TwoState Agency?
118
A BiState Not a Regional Agency
132
SingleState Agencies The Metropolitan Transportation Authority and New Jersey Transit
135
Governmentalization of Mass Transit
137
Market Failure and the Evolution of Regional Mass Transit
139
MTA and the Politics of Geographical Equity
146
A Single Transportation Agency for the TriState Region?
152
Framework for a Single Regional Agency
155

Approaches to Regionalism in the TriState Region
27
The Values of Regionalism
33
Persistence of Governmental Boundaries
35
Four Values of Regionalism
38
Seeking Equity
40
Achieving Efficiency
44
Assuring Competitiveness
47
Regionalism and the New York City Experience
51
One Grand and Glorious City
53
Development and Efficiency
54
Development and Spoils
56
SmallerScale Government
58
Revolt of the Boroughs
60
Functional Regionalism and Recentralization of Power
64
Recentralization of the Schools
67
Community Equity and Community Boards
70
Metropolitanism Subsumes Localism
74
Creating Real Local Government in New York City
77
The City of Staten Island
79
Business Improvement Districts
81
Suggested Agenda for a New Charter Commission
85
The Limits of Metropolitanism
91
Limitations of Metropolises as Local Governments
92
Rigidity of Newly Created Metropolitan Boundaries
102
An Orphan in the Federal System
105
Rivalries within and among States
107
Goals versus Reality
110
Functional Regionalism
113
Across State Lines The Port Authority
115
The Regional Idea in Subregional Settings
159
The Persistence of Suburban Localism
161
Eliminating an Entire Class of Local Governments
166
School Consolidation
168
The Issue of Race
173
Structural Change Does Not Work
175
Two Approaches Bottom Up and Top Down
178
BottomUp Approach
179
TopDown Approach
193
Conclusions
221
The Nation in the Regional Arena
225
The Case of Solid Waste
227
Flow Control Federalism and Privatization
229
Relying on the Counties
230
Creating a State Authority and Making Burning Work
234
Structure Makes a Difference
239
National and Private Sector Responsibility for Solid Waste
241
To What End? For What Price?
248
Community versus Efficiency
250
Conclusion
253
Lessons for the Future
255
Understanding the Values of Regionalism
256
Regionalism and State Government
259
Regionalism and Local Government
262
The Politics of Regionalism
265
Notes
269
Index
301
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

About the author (2001)

Gerald Benjaminis dean of the College of Arts and Sciences and professor of political science at the State University College at New Paltz. Richard P. Nathanis professor of political science and public policy at the State University of New York, Albany. He also serves as director of the Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government and as provost of the Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy at the university.

Bibliographic information