Theory of Heat

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For J. & J. J. Deighton, 1837 - Heat - 182 pages
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Page 90 - That every species of pure elastic fluid has its particles globular and all of a size ; but that no two species agree in the size of their particles, the pressure and temperature being the same.
Page 7 - But if equal weights or equal bulks of different substances are employed, the result will be different. Thus, if a pint of mercury at 100 be mixed with a pint of water at 40, the mixture will...
Page 23 - We should find that it is not true that, at all degrees of the thermometer, the loss of heat of a body is proportional to the excess of its temperature above that of the medium in which it is...
Page 3 - In this way each piece is made to indicate its own temperature without possibility of mistake. Liquid Thermometers. In the most common form of thermometer, temperature is measured by the expansion of mercury in glass. On the end of a glass tube of very fine bore, a bulb is blown (see Fig. 1), and the bulb and part of the tube are filled with mercury. The whole is then heated until the mercury completely fills the tube, after which it is sealed and allowed to cool. The space in the tube above the...
Page 27 - ... inclosure ; not merely upon the excess of one of these over the other. And it was found most convenient, first, to make such experiments as should exhibit the dependence of the velocity of cooling upon the temperature of the enclosure ; which dependence is contained in the following law : — The quickness of cooling of a thermometer in vacuo for a constant excess of temperature, increases in geometric progression, when the temperature of the inclosure increases in arithmetic progression. From...
Page 18 - ... Jupiter and Saturn, and, as would seem from recent observations, on that of Mars. It remains to notice one other phenomenon indicative of an atmosphere: a distant spherical body, whether self-luminous or shining by reflected light, would, according to the law that the intensity of the radiation varies as the sine of the angle which the direction of emanation makes with the surface, appear equally bright at all points of the disk. But an atmosphere to the body, of considerable magnitude and constituted...
Page 89 - ... who has elaborately calculated many of their movements, observes, that, " from the experiments and admirable views of Dr. Dalton, we may conclude, that, when different gases are brought together, they will intermingle with each other gradually, offering no other resistance (in the words of Dalton) to the mixture, than the opposition which pebbles present to the motion of water...
Page xii - I was led to the conclusion that the law of force is that of the inverse square of the distance, and by means of that law was enabled to shew that the vibrations are necessarily transversal.
Page 145 - The particles of matter in all bodies are supposed to be surrounded by particles of a subtle fluid pervading space and termed caloric, the atoms of which are so much smaller than those of matter, that each material particle may be conceived to be surrounded by a large number of them. It...
Page 8 - Petit discovered that the product of the specific heat by the atomic weight is the same for many elementary substances which are found in the solid state at the ordinary temperature.

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