Roman Gods: A Conceptual Approach
The book is concerned with the question of how the concept of "god" in urban Rome can be analyzed along the lines of six constituent concepts, i.e. space, time, personnel, function, iconography and ritual. While older publications tended to focus on the conceptual nature of Roman gods only in those (comparatively rare) instances in which different concepts patently overlapped (as in the case of the deified emperor or hero-worship), this book develops general criteria for an analysis of pagan, Jewish and Christian concepts of gods in ancient Rome (and by extension elsewhere). While the argument of the book is exclusively based on the evidence from the capital up to the age of Constantine, in the concluding section the results are compared to other religious belief systems, thus demonstrating the general applicability of this conceptual approach.
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anniversary Apollo appears arvals attested Augustan Games Augustus Aventine Caesar calendar Capitol Capitoline Capitoline triad chapter Christian CIL I2 Coarelli conceptual foci connected constituent concepts cult image cult statue cultic Dea Dia dedicated Degrassi deiﬁcation deities Diana divine concepts emperor fact feriae Fest festival ﬁfth ﬁg ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁrst century A.D. ﬁxed holidays ﬂamen Dialis ﬂamines focalization focus functional foci goddess Greek historical Horace’s hypostases hypostasis iconographic iconographic foci identiﬁcation Ilithyia imperial cult inscription instance Isis Iuno Iuppiter Iuppiter Optimus Maximus Jovian later LIMC LTUR ludi Magna Mater Malaise Mars mentioned Ov.fast paian Palatine temple performed personnel foci pomerium pontiffs pontiﬁcal priesthoods priests Quirinus Radke reﬂect religious Republican rex sacrorum ritual foci Roman gods Roman pantheon Roman religion Rome Rüpke sacriﬁce sanctuary Scheid Schnegg-Köhler 2002 second century A.D. Secular Games spatial foci speciﬁc Summanus temporal foci Tiriolo traditional triad unofﬁcial Varro Varro ling Vediovis Wissowa worshipped