Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics Of Heterogeneous Systems

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World Scientific, Feb 22, 2008 - Science - 452 pages
The purpose of this book is to encourage the use of non-equilibrium thermodynamics to describe transport in complex, heterogeneous media. With large coupling effects between the transport of heat, mass, charge and chemical reactions at surfaces, it is important to know how one should properly integrate across systems where different phases are in contact. No other book gives a prescription of how to set up flux equations for transports across heterogeneous systems.The authors apply the thermodynamic description in terms of excess densities, developed by Gibbs for equilibrium, to non-equilibrium systems. The treatment is restricted to transport into and through the surface. Using local equilibrium together with the balance equations for the surface, expressions for the excess entropy production of the surface and of the contact line are derived. Many examples are given to illustrate how the theory can be applied to coupled transport of mass, heat, charge and chemical reactions; in phase transitions, at electrode surfaces and in fuel cells. Molecular simulations and analytical studies are used to add insight.
 

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Contents

1 Scope
1
2 Why NonEquilibrium Thermodynamics?
7
3 Thermodynamic Relations for Heterogeneous Systems
17
General Theory
45
Applications
155
References
393
Symbol Lists
415
Index
423
About the Authors
433
Copyright

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