Research Strategies for the U.S. Global Change Research Program

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This book recommends research priorities and scientific approaches for global change research. It addresses the scientific approaches for documenting global change, developing integrated earth system models, and conducting focused studies to improve understanding of global change on topics such as earth system history and human sources of global change.


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Summary of Recommendations
Introduction 9
Integrated Modeling of the Earth System 16
AtmosphereOcean Subsystem 46
Critical Model Tests 59
System History and 3 Earth Modeling 67
System Responses to Large Changes in Forcing 92
Critical Program Elements 98
Integrative Studies Across Land Use and Industry 123
References 129
Terrestrial Trace Gas and Nutrient Fluxes 164
Biogeochemical Dynamics in the Ocean 200
References 214
Kinds of Data Needed 234
Related Institutional Efforts on Human Interactions with 285

Human Sources of Global Change 108
Land Transformations 117

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